Silicosis is a term was introduced by Visconti in 1870 and was derived from Latin silex, or flint. Chronic silicosis initially causes no symptoms or old mild respiratory difficulties. Over years it may, however progress to involve most of the lung.
Diagnosis is based on history and radiological findings. A diagnosis of silicosis is usually confirmed by chest x-ray or CT appearance. CT is more sensitive than x-ray.
Treatment is chiefly supportive. There is no specific therapy that can cure or alter the course of silicosis. The first step in the treatment of silicosis is to prevent further exposure to silica dust. Patients must quit smoking. Immunization against influenza and pneumococcal pneumonia is advised. Patients with acute silicosis may benefit from corticosteroids. Severe cases may require lung transplantation. Introduction of mechanized mining brought about an increase in prevalence of silicosis. No racial predilection is reported. Male workers are primarily affected. Not much information regarding age is available. The general term for lung disease caused by inhalation of mineral dust is pneumoconiosis.
Latest Publications and Research on SilicosisPrecarious transition: a mortality study of South African ex-miners. - Published by PubMed
Silicosis in Switzerland. - Published by PubMed
[Results analysis of occupational physical examination for silica dust, benzene and noise-exposed laborer in 2016 in Guangzhou City]. - Published by PubMed
[The analysis of the epidemiological characteristics of pneumoconiosis notified in Chongqing from 2011 to 2015]. - Published by PubMed
Oropharyngeal administration of silica in Swiss mice: A robust and reproducible model of occupational pulmonary fibrosis. - Published by PubMed