Patients if smokers should quit smoking.
Patients with acute silicosis may benefit from corticosteroids. Steroids have not been found to be much value in chronic silicosis.
The most recently established guidelines advise treatment of active tuberculosis (TB) with multiple drugs. Latent TB is treated with the drug isoniazid.
Surgical care: Advance silicosis may require lung transplantation in selected patients (without other co morbid conditions).