Prevention of Shigellosis
Educating the public on the importance of frequent hand-washing after using toilet or before serving food can prevent outbreaks of shigellosis and gastroenteritis worldwide.
Shigella spreads by food getting contaminated with fecal matter.
► Hygienic practices, such as washing hands thoroughly using soap and water is a must especially after –
► Visiting the toilet
► After changing diapers
► Before food preparation
► Before eating a meal
► Salads should be thoroughly washed before consumption
► It is important to properly store salads and cooked food which are refrigerated
► How does the shigella infection spread?
► When individuals with Shigellosis wash themselves after a visit to the toilet, their fingers can easily contaminate objects such as toilet door, taps, towels and flush.
► When another person touches the contaminated objects they get infected. People with the symptoms of shigellosis should avoid using public toilet for they are prone to spread the infection
► Remember that many child day care centres can become a health hazard if proper measures are not followed.
Preventive measures in 'Child Care Centres' -
► Soiled diapers should be properly disposed
► Hand washing of children and toddlers should be supervised after they visit the toilet
► Area where diapers are changed should be properly disinfected and regularly cleaned
► Children suffering from diarrhea should not be allowed in day-care centres
► Insects infesting the fecal matter of an infected person can spread the bacterium around. Therefore insect - control methods should be practiced.
► Adequate chlorination of the water supply can to a large extent control bacillary dysentery epidemics.
► It is important to drink water free from bacterial contamination. It is ideal to thoroughly boil water before drinking it.
► Pasteurization of all milk and dairy products should be practiced
► Milk and water for infant feeding all should always be boiled. Bottles and teats should similarly be cleaned and changed if necessary.