Sexual Deviance - Paraphilia

Last Updated on Feb 17, 2016
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Sexual deviants display psychosexual disordered behavior classified as non-coercive paraphilia and coercive paraphilia.

Paraphilia literally means “beyond usual or typical love” and is the term generally used to describe sexual behaviors wherein sexual arousal and response are triggered by an unusual object or a bizarre activity. The American Psychiatric Association deems such behavior as a negation of loving relationship and expression of “psychosexually disordered behavior.”

Paraphilia has come to mean a “non-traditional sexual behavior” where the object of sexual arousal is an inanimate object, non-human, or a bizarre activity. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) describes paraphilia as “sexual disorders characterized by recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges or behaviors generally involving –

  1. Nonhuman objects
  2. The suffering or humiliation of oneself or one's partner, or
  3. Children or other nonconsenting persons, that occur over a period of 6 months" (Criterion A), “which cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning" (Criterion B).

It must be mentioned that there are those who argue that the categorical distinctions between normal and abnormal sexual behavior are unjustified. There is a whole market that thrives on sex toys and other adult novelties that cater to what some would label “kinky sex”. However certain sexual fetishes, sexual role play and other adult fantasies are considered normal requirements by some people—as a kind of sexual foreplay to enhance the overall sexual experience.

Broadly all Deviant sexual behaviour may be classified into two types depending on presence of mutual consent or not - Non-coercive paraphilias and Coercive paraphilias.

Non-coercive paraphilia - because some of them are strictly solo activities or they involve consensual adults who agree to participate in a particular variant behavior and coercive paraphilia that is a sex offense forced upon another. Sometimes there maybe use of force in non-coercive paraphilias that involve sexual gratification for money as in prostitution.

Nor-coercive Paraphilia

Fetishism: Refers to obtaining sexual excitement primarily or exclusively from inanimate objects such as women’s lingerie, gloves and high-heeled shoes.

Partialism is sexual obsession with a nonsexual part of the human body such as feet and legs.

Transvestic Fetishism or Cross dressing: In 1994, the American Psychiatric Association linked two conditions—transvestitism and fetishism to the diagnostic category transvestic fetishism. This involves getting sexually aroused by wearing clothes of the opposite sex.

Sexual Sadomasochism: Sexual sadism andsexual masochism are discussed in the common category that associates sexual expression with pain. People with sadomasochistic preferences are sexually aroused by being whipped, cut, pierced with needles and pins and spanked or by inflicting all of the above on another.

Sexual sadism refers to the act of finding sexual excitement through inflicting physical or psychological pain on another. Sexual masochism refers to being sexually aroused by receiving physical or psychological pain.

Bondage or Vincilagnia: Some people derive sexual pleasure from being bound or restricted by a co-operative partner who then “administers discipline” such as spanking or whipping.

BDSM is a complex acronym emerging from the terms Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission and Sadomasochism. Those who participate in sadomasochistic sexual practices say that the common BDSM rule of thumb is that “one should hurt, not harm.”

Recent studies have shown that BDSM need not always reflect a pathological condition or a personality disorder. Instead people who indulge in it may be normal people who do it as a form of sexual enhancement or to escape from the routine, rigid, often monotonous role they play in their daily lives.

Autoerotic Asphyxia: This is a very rare and dangerous form of deviant sexual behavior where a person tries to reduce the oxygen supply to the brain using a rope and then releasing it at the time of orgasm. It follows an age-old sexual ritual of tightly constricting the neck to intensify sexual stimulation while masturbating.

Coercive Paraphilia

This is a deviant sexual behavior forced on an unwilling person that violates the person’s basic rights and almost always leaves the person traumatized after the distasteful experience.

Pedophilia: An adult’s sexual attraction to a child is called pedophilia.Child sexual abuse likeinappropriate touching, oral-genital stimulation or sexual intercourse with a child is a crime.

Exhibitionism: It is a recurrent urge or behavior of indecently exposing one’s genital areas to an unsuspecting, unwilling person. It is also includes the recurrent urge or behavior to perform sexual acts in a public place or before unsuspecting, unwilling persons.

Voyeurism: Some people derive sexual pleasure from looking at others undressing, others’ naked bodies or sexual activities of others without their knowledge or consent.

Frotteurism: This is a common coercive paraphilia in which a fully clothed man derives sexual pleasure by rubbing against a fully clothed female in a crowded public place as in a bus or an elevator. Sometimes the person may be sexually aroused when he pretends to accidentally let his hand brush against a woman’s thighs, breasts or buttocks.

Zoophilia/Bestiality: Sexualcontact between humans andanimals is called bestiality. Studies show that some people who work in farms use calves, sheep, donkeys, ducks, dogs and cats for sexual arousal and also that some women allow domestic pets like dogs and cats to fondle and lick their body for sexual arousal.

In addition to these there are other instances of sexual deviance like

  • Necrophilia- sexually aroused by dead bodies
  • Klismaphilia - sexually aroused by enemas
  • Coprophilia - sexually aroused by fecal matter
  • Urophilia - sexually aroused by urine

The list seems to be getting longer in recent times.


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I'm a divorced male in my early 50s. I was faithful to my wife for the 25 years married. She always rejected my romantic advances so I became accustomed to masturbating. My fantasies varied over the years during masturbation and my post divorce real life sexual encounters have been receiving meaningless anonymous oral sex from women and men. It's the only thing that seems to stimulate me to orgasm. Recently, I met the most beautiful, smart, sexy woman and I love her but she does not stimulate me enough to orgasm. I now realize I have completely disassociated sex and love. This is my problem to fix but it certainly affects her. I have stopped receiving anonymous sex but I still masturbate while thinking about it. Can anyone with medical or behavioral knowledge please suggest how I can get back to associating love and intimacy with exciting sex? She is starting to ask, "what's wrong?" and I don't know how to explain it. I really love this woman!

If your arousal is based on the anonymity, you will probably have to continue what you're doing and masturbate to your fantasy. If your arousal is based on oral pleasure, you will need too tell her "what's wrong" and trust that she cares enough about you to open up to the idea. Either way it will take time and either reconditioning or being satisfied with your masturbatory sessions and good lovemaking with someone you care for.


I have problems with both frotteurism and fetishism. The impulses are totally out of my control and despite my concience objections and strong will to refrain it is almost like I am posessed and can only stand by and watch. The frotterurism is weird to, I have an impulse to grasp a woman's skirt hem between my fingers without her noticing. I do this in bars and crowed malls mostly. The fetishism is the obsession with womens undergarments from the act of shopping for them to wearing them and filtching them out of my friends and neighbors laundry hampers. I really want to get over this stuff. Chronic mastubation is also a problem...definately associated sex addition from an early age. Never been sexually abused.....but started chronic masturbation very early....child hood considered abusive because very strict parenting causing daily fear and stress...neighborhood bullying also probmatic...and started sexual activity with partners late in life, 19.


i was at Kmart one day and i saw this guy walk up next to a lady with a short skirt he bends down to pretend to look at a dvd,he then picks up the dvd lifts up his shirt from his side and rubs his lower back or waste on her leg, she did not no it was deliberate he said sorry she said ''oh thats ok''he got up and walked away. i also have seen him do it in other stores same thing to women with short skirts

Pleaew list other nonj-coercive paraphilias besides coprophilia, urophilia, Klismaphilia,transvestic fertishism and S and M. Seeking background for a presentation

I once saw a middle aged Polish immigrant guy grab a young African American woman's butt on the downtown 1 train just north of 59th st - she whipped out her xacto knife from the sleeve of her jacket with ninja-like speed and, in less than a second the perverted guy was crying out in pain and bewilderment as his blood splattered the subway car's floor. My suggestion is that if you see this use your cellphone and snap a picture, even if you don't get the act, you can follow this guy around until you can get a good shot and then take the time to do a report with Metro Police. Two separate reports with the same photo, has the tendency to make the hunter the hunted.

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