Last Updated on Dec 26, 2019

Symptoms

Sarcoidosis can affect any body part, but  is  often asymptomatic. Symptoms  persists in accordance to  the duration of the disease

Although Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease that can impact any   body part it is  often asymptomatic. Symptoms can persist in accordance to  the duration of the disease. General symptoms, such as fatigue, night sweats  weight loss, aching and swelling in the  legs or arthritis, may develop or they may be associated with the affected  organ.

Dry persistent cough and short breath  are  among the initial signs.

Organs most commonly affected  are the lungs, lymph nodes, liver, skin, heart, nervous system, eyes and kidneys.

Lungs are usually the first organs that fall prey to the disease. Nine out of every ten patients have complications involving the lungs, which begins with an inflammation of the alveolar sacs. When the disease further invades the organ there are   the customarary symptoms such as —

  • Breathlessness,
  • Coughing
  • Wheezing.

The patients may also experience chest pain or a tight feeling in the chest. With time, the lung tissue becomes thick and fibrous, making them stiff and permanently scarred, further worsening the breathing of the affected individual.

 In 20% of the patients, the disease affects the skin causing nodules (erythema nodosum) .Lesions to appear on their face, knees, legs and buttocks . One patient even describes it  "like cauliflower growing out of your body," 'The nodules may go away, but other symptoms may remain.’

When the disease reaches the heart, the patient feels faint and experiences palpitations.

Eye problems are observed in  20%-30% of  sarcoidosis patients, particularly children. Any part of the eye such as the cornea, sclera,  retina,  membranes of the eyelids or the lens may be affected by the disease. The initial symptoms are  red watery eyes that  may progress on to complications such as cataract, glaucoma or even blindness.

A small number  (1%-5%) of  sarcoidosis patients develop  nervous system disorders. Granulomas can appear in the brain, spinal cord and also in the facial and optic nerves. When sarcoidosis affects the brain, stroke-like symptoms such as altered vision , tingling in the  face and mouth, numbness on the  left side and intense  pain may occur.

The severity of the symptoms can vary according to the duration of the illness, the site of the granulomas and  the extent of tissue damage. It also depends on the current active status of the granulomatous process.

Comments

rattler Monday, April 18, 2011

CAN THIS BE PASSED THRU THE MOUTH AS IN KISSING THE PERSON WITH THIS DESEASE

ssvnewman Wednesday, March 4, 2009

I have been diagnosed with Sarcoidosis and was exposed to large amounts of asbestos, mold, silica and lead paint fumes while in the Navy about 25 years ago. The latent period of some of these exposure can be quit long, so do you see any thing that could be a trigger that was in my system for years?

sukhjinderbablu Saturday, April 30, 2011

@ssvnewman- sir your email id and your contact number please

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