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Respiratory Diseases - Lung Cancer

Last Updated on Dec 19, 2019
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Lung Cancer

Cancer means the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. The abnormal cells may no longer do the work of normal cells, and they destroy healthy tissue.

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Lung cancer is the most common cancer-related cause of death among men and women.

Lung cancer takes many years to develop. However, changes in the lung can begin almost immediately upon exposure to carcinogens. Soon after exposure begins, microscopic examination of the tissue lining the bronchi will reveal a few unusual cells. With continued exposure, more abnormal cells appear. These cells may be on their way to becoming cancerous and forming a tumor.

The symptoms of the cancer vary depending on several factors, including where in the lung the tumour is found. If the cancer is located in one of the bronchi, it can irritate the lining of the bronchus and cause a chronic cough. The cancerous area may bleed when a person coughs.

If the tumor grows larger, it may gradually fill the bronchus so that air can't pass in or out. A blocked bronchus may also cause repeated lung infections or pneumonia.

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The lungs have extensive networks of blood and lymph vessels. Cancer cells may grow into these vessels and be carried by the blood or lymph to circulate through the body. The cancer cells may then be deposited in other organs of the body. It is also possible for cancer cells that begin in other organs to spread to the lungs.

Smoking is the number one cause of lung cancer. Cigarette smoke contains more than 4,000 different chemicals, many of which are proven carcinogens, while hundreds of others increase the cancer-causing power of carcinogens. Many of these chemicals also affect the nonsmoker inhaling secondary smoke. Men who smoke are estimated to be 22 times more likely to develop lung cancer than those who do not, while women who smoke are estimated to be 12 times more likely, If you stop smoking, the risk of cancer decreases steadily each year as abnormal cells are replaced by normal cells.

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Another leading cause of lung cancer is on-the-job exposure to carcinogens. Asbestos is perhaps the best known of the industrial substances associated with lung cancer, but there are many cancer-causing substances such as asbestos, uranium, arsenic, and certain petroleum products, that people may deal with at work. Lung cancer occurs most often in people over 50 who have long histories of cigarette smoking.

Symptoms of lung cancer include, chronic cough, coughing up blood, wheezing and chest pain.

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The doctor may do a bronchoscopy to look inside the bronchial tubes and lungs. A bronchoscope is a small tube inserted through the nose or mouth, down the throat, into the bronchial tubes. He may follow this up with a biopsy of lung tissue or of the lymph nodes between the lungs. X-rays and test of sputum also reveal lung cancer.

Surgery may cure lung cancer. Radiation therapy in combination with chemotherapy is also used to treat lung cancer.

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Dr. Hemalatha A S
Dr. Hemalatha  A S
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Dr. Hiren Popat
Dr. Hiren Popat
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Comments

0956626

Guys am called Timan, My case is quite an understandable because I have encountered Multi-drug Resistant TB, due to continues treatment failures I gave up my treatment and current exploiting antibiotics for my health maintenance,yet I have no idea howsoever,weather get well.I don't smoke nor even take alcohol so what could be the cause of this treatment failures?A will there be apossible treatment for me?please guys get for me a way forward.

Campbell

I AM SHORT OF BREATH AND HAVE HAD THIS SINCE I WAS DIAGNOSED WITH ULCERATED COLITIS.ABOUT TWO YEARS AGO. I GAVE UP SMOKING APPROXIMATELY 2-3 YEARS BEFORE I GOT COLITIS. IT IS VERY FRIGHTENING AT TIMES AND THAT SURELY DOESN'T HELP.I PLAY TENNIS BUT FIND THAT REALLY DIFFICULT BECAUSE OF MY BREATHLESSNESS. PLEASE CAN SOME ONE HELP ME.

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Aneesa

You people are just sad

sing.song-17

How many different respiratory conditions are there??!!!

saher_ahmad

i love reading about different respiratory diseases because its my subject and i need more information to increase my knowledge and to be expert of what i like

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