About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Prune Belly Syndrome - Symptoms – Treatment – Complications – Prognosis

Font : A-A+

About

Alternative names - Eagle – Barrett Syndrome, Triad Syndrome

Prune belly syndrome is characterized by an absence of abdominal muscles, severe abnormalities of the urinary tract and undescended testes.

Advertisement

Prune belly syndrome is a rare condition that affects approximately one child among 30,000 to 40,000 live births. It usually affects only male children.

Prune Belly Syndrome

It is present from birth and is characterized by the following three features:

  • Absence of abdominal muscles
  • Severe structural abnormalities of the urinary tract
  • Cryptorchidism or undescended testes

The condition is called prune belly syndrome due to the wrinkled appearance of the abdomen, which results in resemblance of the child to a dried plum. It is also referred to as the triad syndrome, Eagle-Barrett syndrome, or the abdominal muscle deficiency syndrome.

Advertisement

Prune belly syndrome occurs due to a developmental abnormality when the fetus is within the uterus. A number of theories have been proposed to explain why it occurs, though the exact reason is not yet clear. While in the uterus, the fetus may suffer from pulmonary hypoplasia, a condition where the development of lungs is affected, and oligohydramnios, where the amount of fluid surrounding the fetus may be reduced. Many babies affected with this condition are stillborn.

Some variations in the condition have been noted. For example, in pseudo prune belly syndrome, urinary tract abnormalities are observed but the abdominal muscles are intact and the testes may be normally positioned in the scrotum. Patients with prune belly-like variant show abdominal wall defects; however, they do not show urinary tract problems.

Other problems related to the heart, digestive tract, bones and muscles may also be observed in some affected children.

Advertisement

Children with prune belly syndrome are frequently prone to urinary tract infections. Antibiotics are used to prevent as well as treat these infections. Surgical correction is required in cases of urinary tract obstruction, for reconstruction of the abdominal wall, and treatment of undescended testes. Children with kidney failure may benefit from kidney transplantation.

Prognosis or outcome of the disease is poor in children with reduced lung or kidney function. Death could occur from lung complications or kidney failure.

Latest Publications and Research on Prune Belly Syndrome

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. (2019, November 14). Prune Belly Syndrome Symptoms – Treatment – Complications – Prognosis. Medindia. Retrieved on May 28, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/prune-belly-syndrome-symptoms-treatment-complications-prognosis.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. "Prune Belly Syndrome Symptoms – Treatment – Complications – Prognosis". Medindia. May 28, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/prune-belly-syndrome-symptoms-treatment-complications-prognosis.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. "Prune Belly Syndrome Symptoms – Treatment – Complications – Prognosis". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/prune-belly-syndrome-symptoms-treatment-complications-prognosis.htm. (accessed May 28, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. 2021. Prune Belly Syndrome Symptoms – Treatment – Complications – Prognosis. Medindia, viewed May 28, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/prune-belly-syndrome-symptoms-treatment-complications-prognosis.htm.


Do you wish to consult a Pediatrician for your problem? Ask your question

Dr. Atish Bakane
Dr. Atish Bakane
MBBS, DCh, DNB Pediatrics, FNB Pediatric Hematology Oncology
12 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Nithishwar Kota
Dr. Nithishwar Kota
MBBS
2 years experience
Nithish clinic , Ariyur
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Nandita Gautam
Dr. Nandita Gautam
MBBS, MD
4 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
View All

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

cwxyz1

hmm...well my name is chris whit[not full last name]...I'm born with prune belly syndrome and to tell you all the truth...its not that bad...I just can't go out and do physical sports that would cause complications to my stomach...I've had surgeries when I was a kid due to falling down on a tree branch...I know it sucks...but again its not that bad...I don't really care for a cure because well its too late...have a good day yall

Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Advertisement
    What's New on Medindia
    World Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Day 2022 —
    Monkeypox Outbreak: What it is, How Does it Spread & the Prevention
    Seasonal Allergy Medications
    View all
    Advertisement

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Blood Pressure Calculator Sanatogen Nutam (400mg) (Piracetam) Pregnancy Confirmation Calculator Turmeric Powder - Health Benefits, Uses & Side Effects Blood Donation - Recipients Post-Nasal Drip Diaphragmatic Hernia Indian Medical Journals Noscaphene (Noscapine)

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use