Overview and History
If a woman has not started menstruating by the age of 16, she has Primary Amenorrhea
Menstruation in a girl is often celebrated as advent of womanhood and some communities even celebrate this by ceremoniously blessing the girl. It empowers the continuum of life… and procreation. If there is delay in its onset there is Anxiety generated among parents who may seek the advice of a doctor.
Absence of menstruation is called Amenorrhea. This menstrual disorder is quite common among young women and it indicates lack of menses. It can be classified as primary and secondary.
Primary Amenorrhea refers to a condition where a woman has not attained menarche even at age 16, while Secondary Amenorrhea refers to the absence of menses at a given time, in a woman who has been menstruating.
On an average, most women start menstruating between the age of twelve and thirteen. If the pubertal signs are present and normal, the wait until sixteen years is mandatory, before steps are taken to correct the disorder. Primary Amenorrhea may be accompanied by signs of puberty or it may be characterized by the lack of it.
It's not a curse.... ,It's not a curse.... , It's not a curse....
It signals transformation,
growth, evolution, femininity,
the gift of procreation,
re-creation, and regeneration....
(On Menstruation - earthhenna.com)
- Balachander,G; Raghavan, G; Rajaram, SS (1993)
- J.Obstetrics and. Gynaecology of India, 43(4): 599-604
Latest Publications and Research on Primary AmenorrheaA rare cause of delayed puberty in two cases with 46,XX and 46,XY karyotype: 17 a-hydroxylase deficiency due to a novel variant in CYP17A1 gene. - Published by PubMed
High prevalence of abnormal menstruation among women living with HIV in Canada. - Published by PubMed
POI after chemotherapy and bone marrow transplant may mimic disorders of sexual differentiation - a case report of a patient with primary amenorrhea and 46, XY karyotype. - Published by PubMed
Prevalence of autoimmune disease in women with premature ovarian failure. - Published by PubMed
Primary ovarian insufficiency associated with pazopanib therapy in a breast angiosarcoma patient: A CARE-compliant case report. - Published by PubMed