Pre-eclampsia is derived from a Greek word 'eklampsis' meaning ‘sudden flashing’.
Affecting at least 5 percent of all pregnancies, it is a complex condition characterized by high blood pressure, swelling in the limbs or face, and protein in the urine. Pre-eclampsia can prevent the placenta from getting enough blood. If the placenta does not get enough blood, the baby gets less essential nutrients. This can cause low birth weight and other problems for the baby.
Pre-eclampsia can be mild or severe, and progress slowly or rapidly. This condition mostly manifests after 37 weeks of pregnancy, but it can develop any time during the second half pregnancy i.e. after the 20th week. It can also show up during labor or after delivery.
The exact cause of pre-eclampsia is not known.
The high blood pressure can affect the brain, kidneys, liver, and lungs. If the woman develops seizures or coma, the condition is known as eclampsia.
Pre-eclampsia can be diagnosed with the help of blood pressure readings taken at regular intervals and urine test for proteins.
Delivery by caesarean section is the most preferred treatment for pre-eclampsia, if the fetus has grown enough to survive outside the womb.
Latest Publications and Research on Pre EclampsiaHow to identify pregnant women at risk of pre-eclampsia? - a review of the current literature. - Published by PubMed
Non-gallstone acute pancreatitis and pre-eclampsia: A case report. - Published by PubMed
Toxoplasma gondii infection and pre-eclampsia among Sudanese women. - Published by PubMed
Angiogenic capacity in pre-eclampsia and uncomplicated pregnancy estimated by assay of angiogenic proteins and an in vitro vasculogenesis/angiogenesis test. - Published by PubMed
DEGUM, ÖGUM, SGUM and FMF Germany Recommendations for the Implementation of First-Trimester Screening, Detailed Ultrasound, Cell-Free DNA Screening and Diagnostic Procedures. - Published by PubMed