- A very small lower jaw is the commonest finding in Pierre Robin syndrome. But the growth of the mandible seems to normalize by the 5th year of life, it however gives a characteristic appearance called as "bird facies."
- The tongue can turn backwards and appears to fall into the throat.
- The combination of a small lower jaw and the reverse tongue gives rise to acute breathing problems in a child because of airway blockage.
- Defects of the middle ear can lead to hearing loss
- Speech defects are common in Pierre Robin syndrome because of the unusual higly placed poition of the tongue and the lower jaw.
- Heart defects have also been encountered in this condition.
- Several muscular abnormalities like abnormally flexible joints and clubfeet are known to occur.
- Nervous system problems might include a delay in the understanding and development of language skills and ometimes can present as fits (epilepsy).
- A testis may not descend normally and is seen in 25 percent of the cases.
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Dr. Kathy Jones. (2016, April 20). Pierre Robin Syndrome / Bird Facies - Symptoms. Medindia. Retrieved on May 20, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/pierrerobin_symptoms.htm.
Dr. Kathy Jones. "Pierre Robin Syndrome / Bird Facies - Symptoms". Medindia. May 20, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/pierrerobin_symptoms.htm>.
Dr. Kathy Jones. "Pierre Robin Syndrome / Bird Facies - Symptoms". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/pierrerobin_symptoms.htm. (accessed May 20, 2022).
Dr. Kathy Jones. 2021. Pierre Robin Syndrome / Bird Facies - Symptoms. Medindia, viewed May 20, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/pierrerobin_symptoms.htm.