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Types of Physiotherapy - Short wave Diathermy

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Short Wave Diathermy

Short Wave diathermy current is a high frequency alternating current. The heat energy obtained from the wave is used for giving relief to the patient. Its frequency is 27,120,000 cycles per second and the wavelength is 11 metre.(5Shortwave And Microwave Diathermy

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Types of Applications

  1. The condenser field method (commonly used)
  2. Cable method

Where useful?

  1. Inflammation of shoulder joint
  2. Inflammation of Elbow Joint (Tennis Elbow)
  3. Degeneration of joints of neck (Cervical Spondylosis)
  4. Degeneration of joints like knee and hip (Osteoarthritis)
  5. Ligament Sprains in knee joint
  6. Low Back Ache
  7. Plantar fasciitis (Heel Pain)
  8. Sinusitis

Where it should not be used?

General

  1. High Fever
  2. Fluctuating Blood Pressure
  3. Very sensitive Skin
  4. Persons with Untreated Fits
  5. Persons using Cardiac Pace Maker
  6. Severe kidney and heart problems
  7. Pregnant Women
  8. Mentally Retarded Individuals
  9. Tuberculosis of Bone
  10. Malignant cancer

Local

If the treatment area has:

  1. Open wounds
  2. Skin disease
  3. Unhealed scars
  4. Recent burns

Advantages

  1. Relaxation of the muscles
  2. Effective in bacterial infections
  3. Relief of pain
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Treatment Time

  1. Initial Stage - 5-10 minutes
  2. Moderate Stage - 10-20 minutes
  3. Severe State - 20-30 minutes

Disadvantages

  1. Burns
  2. Scalds (Boils)
  3. Overdose
  4. Shock
  5. Electric Sparking
  6. Faintness

References:

  1. Therapeutic Heat - (https://fadavispt.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=1932§ionid=141707499)
  2. Sample Records For Cryotherapy - (https://www.science.gov/topicpages/c/cryotherapy.html)
  3. Light Therapy - (https://accessphysiotherapy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2223§ionid=173788506)
  4. Contrast Bath Therapy - (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contrast_bath_therapy)
  5. Shortwave And Microwave Diathermy - (https://accessphysiotherapy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=465§ionid=40195359)
  6. Ultrasonics - (https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/physics/physics/ultrasonics)
  7. Therapeutic Massage Techniques - (https://www.physioblasts.org/f/public/1366280192_429_FT0_technique_of_massage.pdf)
  8. The Properties Of Water And Their Applications for Training - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4327375/)

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Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

Robin123

I suffer from TMD and have pain in the right side neck. I have been adviced IFT for ten days. Is it ok to go for it and will it reduce the pain. Ravindra Bawari

varun.esm

i have problem while writing and while working on keyboard or using calculator.
i cannot grip the pen properly within my 1st finger and thumb and while working on computer i am unable to use my 1st finger for pressing keys so i use my middle finger.
please advice...

regards
varun

KathyF

I had short wave diathermy in Italy for a shoulder injury. It seems to have been very succesful - pain reduced and mobility improved afte 3 sessions. I would try it again.

faizan43

i have muscular atrophy in my both hand, i cant hold anything and close my figure.anyone advice my how to recover from it.Or any way of treatment??

kdharmarajan1947

For lumbar spondylosis, I've been advised IFT as part pf physio therapy. I find however that IFt sometimes hurts [as if someone pricks me with a pin]while it is on in specific areas. Is it ok? Should I ask to reduce the intensity ..? I should add I do feel a certain degree of comfort once the therapy is over..

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