Short Wave Diathermy

Short Wave diathermy current is a high frequency alternating current. The heat energy obtained from the wave is used for giving relief to the patient. Its frequency is 27,120,000 cycles per second and the wavelength is 11 metre.(5)

Types of Applications

  1. The condenser field method (commonly used)
  2. Cable method

Where useful?

  1. Inflammation of shoulder joint
  2. Inflammation of Elbow Joint (Tennis Elbow)
  3. Degeneration of joints of neck (Cervical Spondylosis)
  4. Degeneration of joints like knee and hip (Osteoarthritis)
  5. Ligament Sprains in knee joint
  6. Low Back Ache
  7. Plantar fasciitis (Heel Pain)
  8. Sinusitis

Where it should not be used?

General

  1. High Fever
  2. Fluctuating Blood Pressure
  3. Very sensitive Skin
  4. Persons with Untreated Fits
  5. Persons using Cardiac Pace Maker
  6. Severe kidney and heart problems
  7. Pregnant Women
  8. Mentally Retarded Individuals
  9. Tuberculosis of Bone
  10. Malignant cancer

Local

If the treatment area has:

  1. Open wounds
  2. Skin disease
  3. Unhealed scars
  4. Recent burns

Advantages

  1. Relaxation of the muscles
  2. Effective in bacterial infections
  3. Relief of pain

Treatment Time

  1. Initial Stage - 5-10 minutes
  2. Moderate Stage - 10-20 minutes
  3. Severe State - 20-30 minutes

Disadvantages

  1. Burns
  2. Scalds (Boils)
  3. Overdose
  4. Shock
  5. Electric Sparking
  6. Faintness

References:

  1. Therapeutic Heat - (https://fadavispt.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=1932žionid=141707499)
  2. Sample Records For Cryotherapy - (https://www.science.gov/topicpages/c/cryotherapy.html)
  3. Light Therapy - (https://accessphysiotherapy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2223žionid=173788506)
  4. Contrast Bath Therapy - (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contrast_bath_therapy)
  5. Shortwave And Microwave Diathermy - (https://accessphysiotherapy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=465žionid=40195359)
  6. Ultrasonics - (https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/physics/physics/ultrasonics)
  7. Therapeutic Massage Techniques - (https://www.physioblasts.org/f/public/1366280192_429_FT0_technique_of_massage.pdf)
  8. The Properties Of Water And Their Applications for Training - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4327375/)

Comments

Robin123 Tuesday, January 28, 2014

I suffer from TMD and have pain in the right side neck. I have been adviced IFT for ten days. Is it ok to go for it and will it reduce the pain. Ravindra Bawari

varun.esm Tuesday, October 29, 2013

i have problem while writing and while working on keyboard or using calculator.
i cannot grip the pen properly within my 1st finger and thumb and while working on computer i am unable to use my 1st finger for pressing keys so i use my middle finger.
please advice...

regards
varun

KathyF Wednesday, July 24, 2013

I had short wave diathermy in Italy for a shoulder injury. It seems to have been very succesful - pain reduced and mobility improved afte 3 sessions. I would try it again.

faizan43 Saturday, March 23, 2013

i have muscular atrophy in my both hand, i cant hold anything and close my figure.anyone advice my how to recover from it.Or any way of treatment??

kdharmarajan1947 Friday, March 22, 2013

For lumbar spondylosis, I've been advised IFT as part pf physio therapy. I find however that IFt sometimes hurts [as if someone pricks me with a pin]while it is on in specific areas. Is it ok? Should I ask to reduce the intensity ..? I should add I do feel a certain degree of comfort once the therapy is over..

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