Types of Physiotherapy - Ultrasonic Therapy

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Dr. Reeja Tharu
Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team on Nov 11, 2019
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Ultrasonic therapy

It's an electromagnetic wave different from sound waves.

The frequencies of waves employed for medical purposes are between 5,00,000 and 3,000,000 cycles/sec.(6)

Generation of Ultrasonic waves

Ultrasonic waves are generated by vibration of a Crystal mounted on a special head.

Treatment Time

  1. Initial Stage - 3 to 4 min
  2. Severe Stage - 6 to 8 min

Where useful?

  1. Inflammation of Elbow Joint (Tennis elbow)
  2. Plantar Fasciitis (Heel pain)
  3. Shortening of Muscle or Ligament
  4. Inflammation of tendons (For eg Supraspinatus tendinitis)
  5. Ligament sprain (For eg Lateral Ligament sprain of ankle)
  6. Unhealed scars

Where should it not be used?

  1. Avoidance to specialised structures such as eyes, ears,ovaries or testes.
  2. Growing ends of bones
  3. Uterus of pregnant women
  4. Areas with poor blood supply (In case of Diabetes)
  5. Cancer

Advantages

  1. Relief of pain
  2. Healing of Soft tissues (Ligament)
  3. Healing of unhealed scars

Disadvantages

  1. Burns
  2. Cavitation (Damage to bones)
  3. Overdose

References:

  1. Therapeutic Heat - (https://fadavispt.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=1932§ionid=141707499)
  2. Sample Records For Cryotherapy - (https://www.science.gov/topicpages/c/cryotherapy.html)
  3. Light Therapy - (https://accessphysiotherapy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2223§ionid=173788506)
  4. Contrast Bath Therapy - (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contrast_bath_therapy)
  5. Shortwave And Microwave Diathermy - (https://accessphysiotherapy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=465§ionid=40195359)
  6. Ultrasonics - (https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/physics/physics/ultrasonics)
  7. Therapeutic Massage Techniques - (https://www.physioblasts.org/f/public/1366280192_429_FT0_technique_of_massage.pdf)
  8. The Properties Of Water And Their Applications for Training - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4327375/)

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I suffer from TMD and have pain in the right side neck. I have been adviced IFT for ten days. Is it ok to go for it and will it reduce the pain. Ravindra Bawari

i have problem while writing and while working on keyboard or using calculator.
i cannot grip the pen properly within my 1st finger and thumb and while working on computer i am unable to use my 1st finger for pressing keys so i use my middle finger.
please advice...

regards
varun

I had short wave diathermy in Italy for a shoulder injury. It seems to have been very succesful - pain reduced and mobility improved afte 3 sessions. I would try it again.

i have muscular atrophy in my both hand, i cant hold anything and close my figure.anyone advice my how to recover from it.Or any way of treatment??

For lumbar spondylosis, I've been advised IFT as part pf physio therapy. I find however that IFt sometimes hurts [as if someone pricks me with a pin]while it is on in specific areas. Is it ok? Should I ask to reduce the intensity ..? I should add I do feel a certain degree of comfort once the therapy is over..

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