Massage is one of the oldest of the Health sciences and has been used for curative purposes since time immemorial. Massage treatment uses "TOUCH" to apply pressure to(7✔) the body's skin, muscles, tendons, ligaments.
The Idea of Massage is to ease disorders by:
- relieving tension
- promoting blood flow
- calming nerves
- loosening muscle
Modes of Therapeutic Massage
- Picking up
- Shaking & Vibration
Stroking - Stroking is performed with the whole hand or fingers. It comprises the usage of relaxed hand over the patient's skin with a rhythm and pressure that produce a relaxing effect.
Effleurage - Effleurage is performed by spreading and moving the hands with pressure and speed, to gain relaxation and lymph drainage.
Kneading - Kneading involves alternate compression and release of the part to be manipulated.
Picking up - Picking up involves lifting up of tissue from underlying bone, releasing it after squeezing it.
Wringing -Wringing technique lifts up the tissue and applies a twist to enhance stretching effect.
Friction - Friction is a small movement applied with thumb or finger where pressure is applied from superficial to depth of the tissue.
Hacking - Hacking is performed with extended forearm and striking the skin using the side of the hand .
Clapping - Clapping is done by striking the skin with cupped hands.
Shaking and Vibration -Shaking and vibration involves gentle strokes of shakes and vibrations respectively
- Relief of pain
- Muscle tightness is relieved
- General relaxation
- Induce sleep in insomnia (sleepless nights)
- Relieves tension
- Skin is toned
- Drainage of oedema or swelling
- Loosens secretion in the Lungs
Where not to Massage?
If the treatment area has:
- Large open wounds
- Skin Ulcers
- Gross Oedema (severe swelling)
- Extremely Hairy areas
- Sensitive skin
- Bacterial infections
- Skin disease
- Malignancies like cancer
Traction - Traction is a device used for reducing the fractures and dislocations of a bone. Types:
- Continuous - applied over period of few days or weeks
- Intermittent - repeated application for a short duration
- Therapeutic Heat - (https://fadavispt.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=1932§ionid=141707499)
- Sample Records For Cryotherapy - (https://www.science.gov/topicpages/c/cryotherapy.html)
- Light Therapy - (https://accessphysiotherapy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2223§ionid=173788506)
- Contrast Bath Therapy - (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contrast_bath_therapy)
- Shortwave And Microwave Diathermy - (https://accessphysiotherapy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=465§ionid=40195359)
- Ultrasonics - (https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/physics/physics/ultrasonics)
- Therapeutic Massage Techniques - (https://www.physioblasts.org/f/public/1366280192_429_FT0_technique_of_massage.pdf)
- The Properties Of Water And Their Applications for Training - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4327375/)