Types of Physiotherapy - Functional Electrical Stimulation

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Dr. Reeja Tharu
Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team on Nov 11, 2019
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Functional Electrical Stimulation (F.E.S)

This kind of physiotherapy treatment involves use of low frequency cureent. Electrical stimulation is used to activate and train a muscle, which has lost its action or in training a muscle which has lost or 'forgotten' its action after an injury / surgery.

Types

Modified Galvanic Current

In this treatment method the duration of current flow is long and continuous.

  1. Time duration - 10 - 200 milliseconds
  2. Frequency - 50 - 100 pulses/sec.
  3. Used in cases of severe nerve damage

Surged Faradic Current

  1. Shorter duration and intermittent flow of current
  2. Time duration - .01-1 millisecond
  3. Frequency - 50 cycles per/sec. Used in cases of partial nerve damage or nerve compression

Where useful?

  1. All Nerve injuries (like Radial nerve Injury of the arm or hand)
  2. Muscle weakness (To activate the muscle)
  3. Facial nerve Injury

Where should it not be used?

Individuals who have

  1. Recent cuts
  2. Open wounds
  3. Unhealed scars
  4. Recent fracture
  5. Metal plate fixation in their Body
  6. Skin infections
  7. Recent surgery

References:

  1. Therapeutic Heat - (https://fadavispt.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=1932§ionid=141707499)
  2. Sample Records For Cryotherapy - (https://www.science.gov/topicpages/c/cryotherapy.html)
  3. Light Therapy - (https://accessphysiotherapy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2223§ionid=173788506)
  4. Contrast Bath Therapy - (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contrast_bath_therapy)
  5. Shortwave And Microwave Diathermy - (https://accessphysiotherapy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=465§ionid=40195359)
  6. Ultrasonics - (https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/physics/physics/ultrasonics)
  7. Therapeutic Massage Techniques - (https://www.physioblasts.org/f/public/1366280192_429_FT0_technique_of_massage.pdf)
  8. The Properties Of Water And Their Applications for Training - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4327375/)

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I suffer from TMD and have pain in the right side neck. I have been adviced IFT for ten days. Is it ok to go for it and will it reduce the pain. Ravindra Bawari

i have problem while writing and while working on keyboard or using calculator.
i cannot grip the pen properly within my 1st finger and thumb and while working on computer i am unable to use my 1st finger for pressing keys so i use my middle finger.
please advice...

regards
varun

I had short wave diathermy in Italy for a shoulder injury. It seems to have been very succesful - pain reduced and mobility improved afte 3 sessions. I would try it again.

i have muscular atrophy in my both hand, i cant hold anything and close my figure.anyone advice my how to recover from it.Or any way of treatment??

For lumbar spondylosis, I've been advised IFT as part pf physio therapy. I find however that IFt sometimes hurts [as if someone pricks me with a pin]while it is on in specific areas. Is it ok? Should I ask to reduce the intensity ..? I should add I do feel a certain degree of comfort once the therapy is over..

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