Periodontitis, also known as pyorrhea or periodontal gingivitis, is an infection that causes inflammation of ligament tissues that surround and support the teeth.
Periodontium refers to the specialized tissues that surround and support the teeth, and fix them to the jaws.
Untreated periodontitis causes progressive loss of alveolar bones leading to loosening and loss of teeth. Periodontitis(except as gingivitis) is a destructive periodontal disease since the damage caused is irreversible.
The bacteria in the mouth, along with mucus and other particles, constantly produce a sticky, “plaque” on teeth. Effective brushing and flossing helps in getting rid of the “plaque. However, improper brushing and poor oral hygiene can cause accumulation of plaque that can eventually harden and form“tartar”. The bacteria in tartar produce toxins to cause inflammation of the gums, called gingivitis.
The bones and connective tissues(ligaments) that support teeth break down and get destroyed due to our body’s natural immune response to fight these infectious bacterial toxins. This causes loosening of the teeth and eventually needs to be removed.
Periodontitis is classified in 7 categories as follows:
- Chronic periodontitis
- Aggressive periodontitis
- Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease
- Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis/periodontitis
- Abscesses of the periodontium
- Combined periodontic-endodontic lesions
The categories 2-7 necessitate a dentist’s intervention.
- Periodontitis - (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001059.htm)
- Periodontal (Gum) Disease - (http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/GumDiseases/PeriodontalGumDisease.htm)
Latest Publications and Research on Periodontitis
- Hyperuricemia as a potential plausible risk factor for periodontitis. - Published by PubMed
- Strong antimicrobial activity of collinin and isocollinin against periodontal and superinfectant pathogens in vitro. - Published by PubMed
- Uptake of best practice recommendations in the management of patients with diabetes and periodontitis: a cross-sectional survey of healthcare professionals in primary care. - Published by PubMed
- Adjunctive subgingival application of Chlorhexidine gel in nonsurgical periodontal treatment for chronic periodontitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. - Published by PubMed
- Texture analysis of cone beam computed tomography images assists the detection of furcal lesion. - Published by PubMed
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Avinash Ramani. 2021. Periodontitis| Gingivitis - Causes Risk Factors Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment. Medindia, viewed May 17, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/periodontitis.htm.
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