Periodontium refers to the specialized tissues that surround and support the teeth, and fix them to the jaws.
Untreated periodontitis causes progressive loss of alveolar bones leading to loosening and loss of teeth. Periodontitis (except as gingivitis) is a destructive periodontal disease since the damage caused is irreversible.
The bacteria in the mouth, along with mucus and other particles, constantly produce a sticky, “plaque” on teeth. Effective brushing and flossing helps in getting rid of the “plaque. However, improper brushing and poor oral hygiene can cause accumulation of plaque that can eventually harden and form “tartar”. The bacteria in tartar produce toxins to cause inflammation of the gums, called gingivitis.
The bones and connective tissues (ligaments) that support teeth break down and get destroyed due to our body’s natural immune response to fight these infectious bacterial toxins. This causes loosening of the teeth and eventually needs to be removed.
Periodontitis is classified in 7 categories as follows:
2. Chronic periodontitis
3. Aggressive periodontitis
4. Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease
5. Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis/periodontitis
6. Abscesses of the periodontium
7. Combined periodontic-endodontic lesions
The categories 2-7 necessitate a dentist’s intervention.
Latest Publications and Research on PeriodontitisPeriodontal self-care: evidence-based support. - Published by PubMed
Periodontitis: a host-mediated disruption of microbial homeostasis. Unlearning learned concepts. - Published by PubMed
Learned and unlearned concepts in periodontal diagnostics: a 50-year perspective. - Published by PubMed
Oral hygiene assessment by school teachers and peer leaders using simplified method. - Published by PubMed
Primary gingival tuberculosis diagnosis: a difficult endeavor. - Published by PubMed