Periodontium refers to the specialized tissues that surround and support the teeth, and fix them to the jaws.
Untreated periodontitis causes progressive loss of alveolar bones leading to loosening and loss of teeth. Periodontitis (except as gingivitis) is a destructive periodontal disease since the damage caused is irreversible.
The bacteria in the mouth, along with mucus and other particles, constantly produce a sticky, “plaque” on teeth. Effective brushing and flossing helps in getting rid of the “plaque. However, improper brushing and poor oral hygiene can cause accumulation of plaque that can eventually harden and form “tartar”. The bacteria in tartar produce toxins to cause inflammation of the gums, called gingivitis.
The bones and connective tissues (ligaments) that support teeth break down and get destroyed due to our body’s natural immune response to fight these infectious bacterial toxins. This causes loosening of the teeth and eventually needs to be removed.
Periodontitis is classified in 7 categories as follows:
2. Chronic periodontitis
3. Aggressive periodontitis
4. Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease
5. Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis/periodontitis
6. Abscesses of the periodontium
7. Combined periodontic-endodontic lesions
The categories 2-7 necessitate a dentist’s intervention.
Latest Publications and Research on PeriodontitisImpact of smoking cessation on periodontitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective longitudinal observational and interventional studies. - Published by PubMed
Keratinocyte-specific ablation of protease-activated receptor-2 prevents gingival inflammation and bone loss in a mouse model of periodontal disease. - Published by PubMed
Porphyromonas gingivalis in the tongue biofilm is associated with the clinical outcome in rheumatoid arthritis patients. - Published by PubMed
Porphyromonas gingivalis inhibits M2 activation of macrophages by suppressing a-ketoglutarate production in mice. - Published by PubMed
A longitudinal assessment of periodontal health status in 53 Labrador retrievers. - Published by PubMed