When Desmogleins are targeted, the epidermal cells become detached from one another (acantholysis) and this produces blisters or lesions that fail to heal. These blisters can then progress to become sores that cover a significant area of the skin and the mouth.
Till the 1960s little was known about pemphigus.It was in 1971 that the autoimmune nature of this disease was published.
Pemphigus has a world wide occurrence and affects both males and females, of all ethnic groups. But it is more prevalent among the descendants of the Ashkenazi Jews and among those of Mediterranean origin. It is seen both in children and in the elderly but mainly affects those between the ages of 50-60 years.
Some people have a greater pre- ponderence to develop the disease such as those with a familial history and those with other auto- immune diseases such as Myasthenia gravis or thyroid cancer.
Pemphigus foliaceus is the most common autoimmune skin disease known in veterinary medicine. In domestic pets such as dogs, cats and horses it produces pustules that causes erosions or crusts. If left untreated P. foliaceus is a life-threatening condition in these animals. Pemphigus vulgaris is rarely observed in cats and dogs. Paraneoplastic pemphigus has been not been described thus far in domestic pets.
Latest Publications and Research on PemphigusScalp involvement in pemphigus: a prognostic marker. - Published by PubMed
Clinical and Demographic Characteristics of Pemphigus Vulgaris Patients. - Published by PubMed
Pemphigus herpetiformis in South Tunisia: a clinical expression of pemphigus foliaceus? - Published by PubMed
Pemphigus foliaceus associated with imatinib therapy in a patient with gastrointestinal stromal tumor. - Published by PubMed
Evaluation of the Importance of Immunological Profile for Pemphigus Vulgaris in the Light of Necessity to Modify Compensation Theory. - Published by PubMed