Paternity testing involves DNA studies that are normally carried out under certain circumstances to establish the paternity of a child.
In may happen to some people, sometimes!
It is not unusual for some women, in some places, to date more than one partner during a brief period of time. As such these ‘close encounters’ may not be such a big deal but they become a problem only when a woman finds herself pregnant and is unsure about who the father of her baby is!
The paternity of the child may not be as big a problem as the pregnancy itself, but it may eventually become an issue particularly to the child, if born.
In the earlier days, the paternity of a child was established when the mother pointed out the father to the child. But these days, with fidelity being a dying trait, controversial situations involving the paternity of children are on the increase. And this is when paternity testing becomes useful.
Paternity testing comprises of DNA studies involving the parent and the child.
Parental testing establishes the genetic proof if a man is the biological father or a women is a biological mother of an individual. Genetic testing is the most reliable methods though if this is not available some labs can use ABO blood group typing or use or using human leukocyte antigen to establish this relationship.
How does it work - An individual inherits half their DNA from the father and the other half from the mother and hence if the DNA profiling of the individual and parents DNA are mapped, it can easily reveal if the peron is biologically related to either parents.
Legal paternity testing - When a suit is filed in the court of law on this issue the courts may demand the test too to establish the evidence of fatherhood or motherhood. Legal DNA testing follow a strict chain of custody procedure to make the test results legally defensible.
Cost of Test - Paternity testing costs can vary from around $400 to over $2,000, depending on where you live and the kind of test that needs to be done.
At present there are also home testing kits available for doing such tests.
Genetic Test Accuracy -
Exclusion - The result of genetic testing accuracy to predict if a person is father or not is 100%.
Inclusion - The result of genetic testing accuracy to predict the alleged father is the biological father is 99.99%. This is not 100% because very rarely some individuals instead of having a single set of genes may be "chimeras" and have at least two different sets of genes.
In maternity testing there have been cases of DNA profiling that falsely "proved" that a mother was unrelated to her children.
Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:
Dr. Reeja Tharu. (2020, August 20). Paternity Testing - Whose Baby Is It Anyway? - Benefits - Types - FAQs. Medindia. Retrieved on Jan 30, 2023 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/paternity-testing.htm.
Dr. Reeja Tharu. "Paternity Testing - Whose Baby Is It Anyway? - Benefits - Types - FAQs". Medindia. Jan 30, 2023. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/paternity-testing.htm>.
Dr. Reeja Tharu. "Paternity Testing - Whose Baby Is It Anyway? - Benefits - Types - FAQs". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/paternity-testing.htm. (accessed Jan 30, 2023).
Dr. Reeja Tharu. 2021. Paternity Testing - Whose Baby Is It Anyway? - Benefits - Types - FAQs. Medindia, viewed Jan 30, 2023, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/paternity-testing.htm.
Latest Publications and Research on Paternity Testing - Whose Baby Is It Anyway?
- Development and application of a nonbinary SNP-based microhaplotype panel for paternity testing involving close relatives. - Published by PubMed
- A male Down syndrome with two normal boys: Cytogenetic, paternity and andrological investigations. - Published by PubMed
- Parentage of Hydatidiform Moles. - Published by PubMed
- Population genetic data from 23 autosomal STR loci of Huaxia Platinum system in the Jining Han population. - Published by PubMed
- Female loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta L.) rarely remate during nesting season. - Published by PubMed
Do you wish to consult an Obstetrician and Gynaecologist (OB/GYN) for your problem? Ask your question
14 years experience
12 years experience
17 years experience
Dr Uma Mishra, MBBS MD, Best Gynecologist, Noida, Noida
10 years experience
Ayushveda, Himayath nagar, Hyderabad