Pasteurization Of Milk - Louis Pasteur: Father of Microbiology
French chemist Louis Pasteur was the founder of microbiological sciences. Born in Dole, France, Pasteur received his scientific education at the Ecole Normale Superieure in Paris.
He served successively as professor of chemistry in Strasbourg and professor of chemistry and dean of the Lille Faculty of Sciences, which he organized in 1854. Three years later he returned to the Ecole Normale as director of scientific studies, a post he retained until 1867, when he became professor of chemistry at the Sorbonne.
Pasteur's studies of fermentation began in Lille when he was approached by an industrialist disturbed because undesirable products often appeared during the fermentation of sugar into alcohol by yeast. Pasteur postulated that these products came from microscopic organisms other than yeast and suggested that each particular type of fermentation was the effect of a specific microorganism, called the germ. He soon illustrated this revolutionary theory with brilliant studies on the conversion of sugar.
Pasteur claimed that types of microbes could be separated from each other by proper techniques, and could be shown to differ in nutritional requirements and in their susceptibility to antiseptics. He also suggested that just as each type of fermentation was caused by a particular type of germ, so it was with many types of diseases. Pasteur became preoccupied with the origin of microorganisms and demonstrated that each microbe is derived from a pre-existing microbe, and that spontaneous generation does not occur.
Latest Publications and Research on Pasteurization of Milk
- Changes in bioactive milk serum proteins during milk powder processing. - Published by PubMed
- Hormone levels in preterm and donor human milk before and after Holder pasteurization. - Published by PubMed
- Effects of the vat pasteurization process and refrigerated storage on the bovine milk metabolome. - Published by PubMed
- Phenotypic Diversity of Lactobacillus casei Group Isolates as a Selection Criterion for Use as Secondary Adjunct Starters. - Published by PubMed
- Effect of different methods of pasteurization on bactericidal action of human milk: A prospective observational study. - Published by PubMed