Pancreatitis - Anatomy and Physiology of the Pancreas

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Anatomy and Physiology of the Pancreas

Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas. It may occur suddenly, in a severe form as in acute pancreatitis, or may continue as a slow, long drawn illness as in chronic pancreatitis.

Anatomy and function of the Pancreas

Anatomy of Pancreas

Anatomy - Pancreas is an organ situated in the upper part of one’s abdomen. It is about 6 inches or 15 cms long and has a flattened bulbous head that is surrounded by part of the intestine called duodenum, a narrow body  that lies behind the stomach and  a tapered tail that rests on the front of the left kidney (see picture).

Physiology or Function-  Pancreas is one of the organs in the body that has both exocrine and endocrinal functions.

Exocrine Function - It secretes an alkaline juice with enzymes such as - amylase and lipase, which help digest the fat, protein as well as carbohydrates from the food that we eat. The alkaline juice and helps to neutralize the acid secretions of the stomach. It secretes about 1.5 liters of these juices in a day.

The enzymes are conveyed to the upper part of the small intestine called duodenum via a tube called the pancreatic duct.

Endocrine Function - It also secretes two important hormones namely - Insulin and Glucagon which are essential for regulation of glucose in the blood.

During an attack of pancreatitis, the juices are activated within the pancreatic gland and it begin to digest the pancreas itself causing inflammation, injury and necrosis resulting in an acutely inflammatory process that results in pancreatitis – so called pancreatic auto digestion. Where pancreas succumbs to its own digestive properties.

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ERCP is basically an Endoscopy performed on you when it is suspected by a doctor that you have Pancreatitis. Basically they can either just numb your throat, or knock you out, and put a tube down your throat with a little camera to examine your pancreas and the structures around it. I had one done not too long ago. Hope this helps.

ERCP is basically an Endoscopy performed on you when it is suspected by a doctor that you have Pancreatitis. Basically they can either just numb your throat, or knock you out, and put a tube down your throat with a little camera to examine your pancreas and the structures around it. I had one done not too long ago. Hope this helps.

salisha

Does this have any relation to diabetes and pressure??????????
Please tell me if any one has an answer.

aprilrain1228

I read pancreatitis is likely caused because of A high OXIDATIVE STRESS level & a low supply of antioxidants like beta- carotene,vitamin E,vitamin C,organic selenium & amino acid Methionine.

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