You can consult your general physician, orthopedic surgeon or rheumatologist.
2. How does shortening of leg induce osteoarthritis?
Shortened leg causes jerky movements and could result in osteoarthritis.
3. What is the role of nutrition and diet in the treatment of osteoarthritis?
Balanced diet with adequate supplementation of calcium can be helpful to patients. Whole grains, black beans, spinach, cabbage, carrot, cucumber, tomatoes, banana, orange, lemon, honey, raisins, fatless cottage cheese and coconut oil should be included in the diet.
It is also advisable to avoid foods rich in fat.
Drinking plenty of water is recommended. It also provides lubrication to the joints and reduces the risk of osteoarthritis.
These are the general principles of diet therapy. However, the diet regime of patients can be individualized depending on the clinical scenario.
4. What are the activities that increase the risk of osteoarthritis?
Activities that increase the risk of osteoarthritis include:
- Twisting of the leg (E.g. Football or baseball sport)
- Jerky movement
- Prolonged standing (E.g. in case of Traffic policemen)
- Prolonged kneeling (E.g. Coal miners)
5. What are the doís and doníts for an osteoarthritis patient?
- Perform the prescribed exercises daily.
- Include a brisk walk in your schedule either in the morning or evening for 30-40 minutes for 3-4 days weekly.
- Check your weight periodically.
- Bend at your knees with your back straight to pick up any object from the ground.
- Avoid crossed knee sitting.
- Avoid lifting heavy weights.
- Avoid prolonged duration of activities, which strain the joints like gardening, prolonged standing, kneeling and squatting etc.
- Avoid jerky movements.
- Avoid exercising in cold weather.
- Avoid prolonged standing and kneeling.