Last Updated on Jul 28, 2015


Obstructed labor: The condition in which the uterus contracts normally for childbirth but baby is not able to exit the pelvis due to some blockage.

Perineum: The area between the anus and vagina in females and anus and scrotum in males

Rectum: The last part of the large intestine that terminates at the anus.

Urethra: The opening or meatus through which the urinary bladder voids the urine out of the body.

Urinary bladder: The organ that collects the urine from the kidneys before voiding through urination.

Episiotomy: A cut that is given to the vagina during childbirth to facilitate delivery.

Colostomy: A surgical procedure in which the upper part of the intestine is sewn to an opening in the skin. The stool is made in the upper part of the intestine and is voided through this opening. This stool may be collected in a disposable bag placed over the colostomy or by creating a pouch inside the person’s body and removed with enema.

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