It is caused by the encysted larval stage of the "Pork Tapeworm" (Tenia solium).
Neurocysticercosis is more comon in developing countries and is endemic in Mexico and Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa, India, and East Asia.
Neurocysticercosis is a far more important public health problem than human tape-worm infestations. It is endemic in certain communities and regions of the world due to poor sanitation, use of sewage for fertilizer, and poor breeding methods of the pigs.
Generally tapeworm are parasites that reside in the intestinal tract of human beings. They are long, flat worms that have a head armed with suckers and hooks. Tapeworms can sometimes grow as much as 15 to 30 feet or 10 meters in length and the largest tapeworms grow up to 59 feet or 18 meters. There are variety of these worms that infect human beings and they include:
► Beef Tapeworm or Taenia Saginata
► Pork tapeworm or Taenia Solium
Adult onset seizures or epilepsy is twice as common in the developing regions of these countries as in industrialized countries such as the United States.
There is no sexual predilection for the worm infestation. It is unusual for the disease to manifest in a child due to the long incubation period of the worm.
Latest Publications and Research on NeurocysticercosisSafety and diagnostic accuracy of neuroendoscopic biopsies: an international multicenter study. - Published by PubMed
Neurocysticercosis on 18F-FDG PET/MRI: Co-registered Images. - Published by PubMed
Evaluation of ELISA, neck muscle, tongue and eyelid examinations for the diagnosis of swine cysticercosis in a highly endemic area of north India. - Published by PubMed
Evidence-based guideline: Treatment of parenchymal neurocysticercosis: Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. - Published by PubMed
Repeated hydrocephalus in recurrent intraventricular neurocysticercosis: An uncommon presentation. - Published by PubMed