Treatment of Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy
► Mild cases of myotonic dystrophy do not require any treatment.
► More severe cases might demand treatment with quinine, phenytoin and other similar anticonvulsant drugs. Treatment is directed at providing symptomatic relief to affected patients.
► Muscle function may be preserved to some extent with rehabilitation therapy or physical therapy. Such forms of treatment can preserve muscle strength and flexibility.
► Patients may be provided with canes, ankle and wrist braces, or other supportive devices.
► Patients with cardiac and respiratory problems can be treated using a cardiac pacemaker and ventilator respectively.
► Urging the patient to indulge in a high fiber diet can prevent constipation.
► Cataract surgery in the form of lens replacement may be done to improve the vision of affected patients.
► Occupational therapy can help the patient find alternatives to loss of muscle strength and dexterity and can ensure restoration of functionality of the affected patient to the maximum possible extent.
► A speech and language specialist can provide assistance in coherent speech and swallowing food.
► Pregnant women with myotonic dystrophy should be closely monitored during pregnancy to avoid any complications during pregnancy, labor or delivery.