Mitral Valve Replacement - Current Research

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Mitral Valve Replacement - Current Research

In 2003, videoscopic mitral valve repair was performed. This center in Maryland strongly advocates feels that mitral valve repair can be done and will prevail over mitral valve replacement in times to come.


A new non-surgical procedure is being researched for patients with leaky valves. In this procedure a special catheter is inserted to the heart through the femoral vein in the groin. There is a clip-like device at the end of the catheter. This clip is attached to the mitral valve leaflets. Presence of a foreign body in the heart causes it to create scar tissues over it and this holds the leaflets and limits the blood leakage. This process is guided with an echocardiogram during the procedure.


Studies on reshaping mitral valve annulus and posterior leaflets are being conducted. A catheter inserted into one of the neck veins is pushed to the heart. The remodeling device at the end of the catheter pushes the base of the valve into its original shape. A transesophageal ECHO is done during the procedure to check the outcomes. This procedure will be performed in cardiac catheterization labs in the future. The studies are currently done in operating rooms on consenting patients undergoing valve surgery.

Tissue engineering studies are working on tailoring heart valves in correct shape and proportions from the patient’s tissue itself. Such valves were transplanted on the valves of the sheep after they were grown in a culture medium from the growing tissues of the lamb’s artery.

New age technology is being used to create coatings for valves to reduce infection and advance healing. Valves are being tested to provide less wear and tear. Computers are being used to design and manufacture mechanical valves.

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Patients undergoing mitral valve replacement are susceptible to the following risks. Bleeding, infection, complex reaction to anesthetic. The risk involved in most cases can be determined by the physician and it depends on a variety of factors such as the patient’s age, general condition, specific medical problems and heart functions.

Alternative treatment is Balloon valvuloplasty.Balloon valvuloplasty is performed using a catheter, i.e. a very thin flexible tube which can be inserted into the body, with a balloon at the end. The balloon is put inside the valve and is expanded thus stretching the valve and bringing it back to its normal size. For more info: heart-consult.com/articles.

can you pl guide me what to do i have mitral valve balooning twice after gap of 10 years and presently,I am only 30 years old.I am on acitrom 2 mg [Anticoagulant], metolar 25 mg and Penicilin 10 lacs once in three weeks.I am having feeling of irregular heart beating and sometimes irregular palpitations.I had undergone check up in 2008 june last time everything was ok and there was no need of balloning that time.Is it possible that there may be severe damage only in these two yaers that is between 2008 to 2010.Pl suggest and what could be the situation.

rolando

hallo, i am suffering from mitral valve stenosis for about 3.5jear. am like you help me without operation.

guest

My mother had sucessive surgery. I flew her to NYC to see Dr David Adams ..the worlds greatest in mitral valve repair and replacement. His entire team at Mount Sinai is fabulous. He see patients from around the world.

guest

i am suffering from Mitral stenosis(Moderate-severe)and Mitral regurgitation(Mild-moderate).The disease surfaced some 5/6 months back.i am intrested in the latest non surgical treatment.please guide/help me.thanks with regards,waiting for your reply.

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