Specialty in a branch of medical science is done by medical graduate after completing medical school. Normally it takes them another three to five years to qualify as a specialist in the chosen subject. Surgeons normally take longer than physicians to get trained and start a practice.
Ignorance about which doctor one should see for a specific condition often means seeing the wrong doctor for the condition. These type of lapses delays and escalates the cost of treatment.
In countries where there are no structured health delivery systems such as in developing countries and where patients have to fend for themselves, it is extremely important for them to know a little bit on how the field of medicine operates and what does all these different medical fields mean to the public and the patients.
Specialities in the field of healthcare can be categorized into the following groups:
1. Doctors who are mainly physicians Ė example includes Ė General Physicians, Cardiologist, Nephrologist, Neurologist, Gasto-enterologist and Endocrinologists.
2. Doctors who are mainly surgeons Ė some example includes General Surgeon, Urologist, Orthopedicians, Neuro-surgeon and Cardio-thoracic Surgeon
3. Doctors who work as both physicians and surgeons Ė some examples are - Eye specialist, ENT specialist, Obstetrics and Gynecologist
4. Doctors who mainly do diagnostics and some of the examples includes pathologist, microbiologist, Geneticist and radiologist
5. Experts practicing in the medical field without a valid medical qualifications but who may have qualification from specialist societies include podiatrist, osteopaths, physiotherapist and Dieticians.
The following sections will describe these specialists and define their role in the everyday care of the patients.
References:1. Laymanís Guide
Latest Publications and Research on Medical Specialists and What They DoExtradural Spinal Hamartoma Causing Spinal Cord Compression in an Adolescent Male: An Extremely Rare Case and Review of the Literature. - Published by PubMed
A unique case report of jejunoileal bypass reversal with review of the literature. - Published by PubMed
Intracranial venous hypertension in craniosynostosis: mechanistic underpinnings and therapeutic implications. - Published by PubMed
Why we need epidemiologic studies of polycystic ovary syndrome in Africa. - Published by PubMed
Bioactive Peptide Improves Diet-Induced Hepatic Fat Deposition and Hepatocyte Proinflammatory Response in SAMP8 Ageing Mice. - Published by PubMed