Mitral Valve Regurgitation | Mitral Valve Replacement | Mitral Valve Stenosis - General Information

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Latest Publications and Research on Mitral Valve Regurgitation and Mitral Valve Replacement

Int. J. Cardiol.  2013 Apr 11  

Mitral regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve replacement: Does the prosthesis matter?

Unger P, Dedobbeleer C, Vanden Eynden F, Lancellotti P

Cardiology Department, Erasme Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address:

... Read More

Source: PubMed

Circulation  2013 Apr 8  

Rethinking Mitral Valve Surgery during the Golden Years.

Rao RK, Foster E

1University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.

The benefit of MV surgery in elderly patients remains a major area of controversy in the treatment of mitral regurgitation. The paper by Vassileva and... Read More

Source: PubMed

G Ital Cardiol (Rome)    

[Giant left atrium in a patient with decompensated heart failure].

Sonaglioni A, Lombardo M, Baravelli M, Rossi A, Trotta G, Gronda E

A 71-year-old woman was admitted to our institution with symptoms and signs of acute congestive heart failure. The patient had a long history of rheum... Read More

Source: PubMed

J Cardiothorac Surg    

Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma: a retrospect of four cases.

Zhang M, Liu X, Song Z, Zou L, Xiang B

OBJECTIVE: We have reviewed the medical histories of 4 patients who underwent operations between November 2004 and February 2011 at Changhai Hospital ... Read More

Source: PubMed

Case Rep Transplant    

Mitral Valve Regurgitation: A Severe Complication following Left Ventricular Biopsy 15 Years after Heart Transplantation.

Vollroth M, Seeburger J, Kiefer P, Garbade J, Mohr FW, Barten MJ

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Heartcenter Leipzig University, Struempellstraße 39, 04289 Leipzig, Germany.

A 71-year-old male patient underwent orthotopic heart transplantation in 1995. Due to left heart catheterization 15 years later, biopsy from the left ... Read More

Source: PubMed

Echocardiography  2013 Apr 1  

Left Atrial Volume as Predictor of Valve Replacement and Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Asymptomatic Mild to Moderate Aortic Stenosis.

Dalsgaard M, Egstrup K, Wachtell K, Cramariuc D, Kjaergaard J, Gerdts E, Hassager C

Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) size is known to increase with chronically increased left ventricular (LV) filling pressure. We hypothesized that LA volu... Read More

Source: PubMed

J Cardiothorac Surg    

Using a double-plicated posterior leaflet as an anchor for mitral valve replacement: a case of mitral annular calcification.

Taguchi S, Niibori T, Hayashi I, Kasahara H, Yozu R

We present a 62-year-old man with mitral regurgitation whose posterior annulus had severe calcification. Mitral valve replacement was performed by anc... Read More

Source: PubMed

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg  2013 Apr 2  

Mitral valve replacement and septal myectomy for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.

Furukawa K, Hayase T, Yano M

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Miyazaki Medical Association Hospital, 738-1 Funato, Shinbeppu-cho, Miyazaki, 880-0834, Japan,

A 76-year-old woman with a diagnosis of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy was referred to our hospital's surgical department. Her echocardiogram... Read More

Source: PubMed

Ann Card Anaesth    

Cardiac surgery in a patient with immunological thrombocytopenic purpura: Complications and precautions.

Chowdhry V, Mohanty BB, Probodh D

Department of Cardiac Anaesthesiology, Care Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) patients are at high-risk for bleeding complications during and after cardiac surgeries involving cardiopulmonar... Read More

Source: PubMed

Ann Card Anaesth    

Mitral regurgitation jet around neoannulus: Mitral valve replacement in erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae endocarditis.

Basu R, Tewari P

Department of Anaesthesia, SGPGIMS, Raibarely Road, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

A 50-year-old male presented with erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (ER) endocarditis of the mitral valve, severe mitral regurgitation, and heart failure. ... Read More

Source: PubMed

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Methods for Mitral Valve Repair: Annuloplasty:In annuloplasty an artificial ring is placed around the annulus of the valve.This ring reinforces the annulus and restores the valve to its normal shape and size. Balloon Valvuloplasty:Balloon valvuloplasty is performed using a catheter, i.e. a very thin flexible tube which can be inserted into the body, with a balloon at the end. The balloon is put inside the valve and is expanded thus stretching the valve and bringing it back to its normal size. For more info:

Patients with a biological valve may need replacement valve of 10-15 years. Mechanical valves may also fail, so patients should inform their doctor if they have symptoms of valve insufficiency. Patients with mechanical valves must take blood-thinning medication at the end of their lives. Because these medicines increase the risk of bleeding in the body, you should always be used in medical notification bracelet and the doctor or dentist that you are taking anticoagulant medicine. Even if you take anticoagulant medication, you should always inform your doctor and dentist to have had valve surgery. If you have any surgery or dentistry, you should take antibiotics before the procedure. The bacteria can enter the bloodstream during these procedures. If bacteria enter the repair or artificial heart valves, can lead to a serious condition called bacterial endocarditis. Antibiotics can prevent bacterial endocarditis.

Mitral Regurgitation also known as mitral insufficiency or mitral incompetence is a disorder affecting the mitral valve of the heart. The cusps or flaps of the mitral valve do not seal tightly in this condition and causes a backflow of blood through the mitral valve from the left ventricle to the let atrium of the heart. The heart valve in this state is referred to as a leaky valve.

Various symptoms are
* Shortness of breath.
* Pulmonary edema or fluid accumulation in the lungs.
* Orthopnea or shortness of breath while lying flat.
* Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea or Cardiac Asthma
* Decreased exercise tolerance.
* Swollen feet or ankles.

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