Third Stage of Labor

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Written by Dr. Vivekanand, MBBS | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Ramya Ananthakrishnan, MD on Oct 10, 2018
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Third Stage of Labor

What happens during the third stage of labor?

The placenta separates from the uterus and is removed by gently pulling by the cord. The uterus generally contracts and the upper end of the uterus rises above the umbilicus. If the doctor feels that any bits of placenta are retained, they are removed by introducing the hand into the uterus and removing the bits and pieces. The external genitalia is cleaned and an antiseptic pad is applied to the vagina and the patient is watched carefully for any excessive bleeding.

The position of the uterus is determined, pulse rate is noted and the amount of bleeding from the vagina is checked for.

Reference

  1. Mudaliar and Menon's Obstetrics - www.babycentre.co.uk

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Having undergone the process of labor and delivery myself, all I can say is: each labor and delivery experience is different. It is the most painful thing I have ever experienced in my whole life but also the most rewarding. All the pain will vanished once you see your little bundle of joy.

Jurelyn C. Licaros

what is the mechanism of labor ?

The mechanism of labor is in several stages. In pre-labor, the uterus begins to contract, but the contractions are more gentle. The pregnant woman can usually go about her day. In the first active phase of labor, the uterus contracts more rhythmically and frequently, usually requiring undivided attention. These contractions coincide with the cervix dilating to about 10 cm to allow for the baby to pass through. In the second active phase of labor, the doctor or midwife will ask that the woman push each time a contraction occurs. This assists the uterus contractions in pushing the baby out. Finally, in the third phase, the placenta is expelled.

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