Kidney Stones in Children - Types of Stones

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Dr. Reeja Tharu
Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team  on Dec 31, 2019
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Types of Stones

There are four major types of kidney stones.

  • Calcium stone - most common type
  • Struvite - infection stone
  • Uric acid stone
  • Cystine stone

The most common type of stone contains calcium (KAL-see-um). Calcium is a normal part of a healthy diet. Calcium that is not used by the bones and muscles goes to the kidneys. In most people, the kidneys flush out the extra calcium with the rest of the urine.

A struvite (STROO-vite) stone may form after an infection in the urinary system. These stones contain the mineral magnesium (mag-NEE-zee-um) and the waste product ammonia (uh-MOH-nyuh).

A uric (YOOR-ik) acid stone may form when there is too much acid in the urine. If you tend to form uric acid stones, you may need to cut back on the amount of meat you eat.

Cystine (SIS-teen) stones are rare. Cystine is one of the building blocks that make up muscles, nerves, and other parts of the body. Cystine can build up in the urine to form a stone. The disease that causes cystine stones runs in families.

Kidney stones may contain various combinations of chemicals. The most common type of stone contains calcium in combination with either oxalate or phosphate. These chemicals are part of a person's normal diet and make up important parts of the body, such as bones and muscles.

A less common type of stone is caused by infection in the urinary tract. This type of stone is called a struvite or infection stone. Much less common are the uric acid stone and the rare cystine stone.

Stones in the urinary tract can occur in kidneys, ureter or bladder. In developing countries where there is higher incidence of malnutrition bladder stones are more common.

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To get rid from kidney stones ..avoid high content potassium foods.most of the fruits and vegetables are high in potassium..so limit your servings/day

PDBhatta

Hello! At the age of 14 I had kidney stone in my kidney.People who are suffering I know what they are going through.During this period, our stomach pains a lot which makes us cry. I was admitted in a hospital in India, and was operated.This method was called LAPAROSCOPY. This is a new technique of getting less pain.Hopefully, the operation was successful and I absolutely fine now. This happens due to the less drinking of water. So, to the people who is suffering I would suggest you to have lots of water to a protective action against Kidney Stone. Everyone was shocked that a girl of 14 can have a kidney stone.But, then i got to know, not only adults even children of our age can also have it.So, parents should be careful about their children. Thank You PDB,Calcutta,India.

At the age of 8 months of my son, it was detected he ahd 7 Kidney Stones. He was hospitalised in Govt. Hospital in Goa, India. No doctor was bothered to find the exact cause of the formation of so many stones. All the Stones got dissolved after 6 months. After the discharge, we got a C. T. Scan done on him in a different state. And now we have noticed a great change in his behaviour; he doesn't talk/utter words as he used to do at the age of 8 months. He is now 2 yrs and 4 months.. Could anyone inform and enlighten me as to why he doesn't respond/ talk like other children of his age? Has the radiation of CT Scan affected his behavioral pattern? How should I make him talk/ talkative?...Laxmikant, Goa, India.

vemula

my daughter 8years old at the age of her 5years she faced with pcnl in two sittings in left kidney from then onwards we are using homoepathy but there is no use. now she is severely complainting about her leg pains,her growth is very low when compare to her age, stones are again recurring. 2years onwards we are not giving milk and milk products. Even my son 2years old he has multiple caliculus in both the kidneys and two 12mmin size and they are at pelvis,we are very much fearing about our kids position.now we are using homopathy for him also but no use. please, help us , if there is medicine mail me.

We have a herbal medicine based on tribal traditional knowledge which removes stones from kidney, urinary bladder and urinary tract in just 15 days. For our mission with vision kindly visit to our web site www.abhumka.com
Regards
Manish

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