In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) - Glossary

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Dr. Reeja Tharu
Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team  on Feb 24, 2020
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Glossary

Conceive - To become pregnant.

Ejaculation - The release of semen through the penis during orgasm.

Embryo - Having to do with an early stage in the development of a plant or an animal. In vertebrate animals, this stage lasts from shortly after fertilization until all major body parts appear. In particular, in humans, this stage lasts from about 2 weeks after fertilization until the end of the seventh or eighth week of pregnancy.

Endometriosis - A benign condition in which tissue that looks like endometrial tissue grows in abnormal places in the abdomen.

Fallopian Tubes - Structures between the ovaries and the uterus through which the egg travels to the uterus.

Fertilization - Process of conception in which the sperm penetrates the egg (ovum).

Fetus - Term for an unborn baby from the end of the 8th week after conception until birth.

Follicle - The hair follicle houses the root of the hair.

Gonadotropic Hormones - Hormones that stimulate activity in the ovaries and testicles.

In Vitro Fertilization - The process by which the egg is fertilized outside the body, then transferred into the woman's uterus.

Infertility - The inability to produce children.

Menopause - The time of life when a woman's menstrual periods stop permanently. Also called "change of life."

Oocyte - An egg cell that has not developed completely.

Ovulation - The release of an egg from the ovary.

Ovum - An ovum is an egg that exists in the ovary of the female. This egg is called the female "gamete" or sex cell. It combines with the male gamete, called a sperm, to form a zygote. This formation process is called "fertilization."

Puberty - The time when body changes particular to the sex occur and when reproduction becomes possible.

Sperm - Male reproductive cells produced by the testes and transported in the semen; spermatozoa.

Ultrasound - A diagnostic imaging technique, which uses high-frequency sound waves and a computer to create images of blood vessels, tissues, and organs. Ultrasounds are used to view internal organs as they function, and to assess blood flow through various vessels.

Uterus - The small, hollow, pear-shaped organ in a woman's pelvis. This is the organ in which a fetus develops. Also called the womb.

Zygote - The fertilized egg or ovum.

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IVF treatments are boon for medical science for the infertile men and women. It offers more chances for getting pregnant with the help of clinical treatments. IVF treatments are getting popularity day by day as in the starting people were not aware about IVF treatments but now sterile couple are showing interest in in-vitro fertilization.

In the past decade, individuals have decried the concept of “designer babies” - using genetic manipulation to create kids to parents’ specifications. Critics are slamming the practice for making humans a commodity like a steak, though there are several practical applications involved such as staying away from horrible genetic disorders. Source for this article: Trend of designer babies still alive and well

I had one female child 5 yrs old. Second time I wish to conceive twin male babies. Is there any possibility to conceive twin male babies. Please suggest and assist me if there is any way.

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