Last Updated on Mar 20, 2023
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Infertility is defined as the biological inability of a person to conceive a child.


A couple may be considered infertile if, the woman is unable to become pregnant despite two years of regular sexual intercourse, without contraception.


Types of Infertility-

  • Primary Infertility- Refers to the infertility in a couple who have never had a child.
  • Secondary Infertility- Refers to failure to conceive following a previous pregnancy.

Infertility can be due to hormonal imbalance, sexually transmitted diseases, smoking, alcoholism or certain medications, but often there is no obvious underlying cause.


About 85-90% of infertility cases can be treated with conventional medical therapies such as medication or surgery. Treatment depends on the cause of infertility for couple. It may range from simple education and counseling, to the use of medicines that treat infections or promote ovulation, to highly sophisticated medical procedures such as in-vitro fertilization.

Although infertility itself does not cause physical illness, the psychological impact of infertility upon individuals or couples affected by it may be severe. Marital problems, including divorce, individual depression and anxiety are common. These problems can be treated with psychiatric counseling.

What is New in Infertility?

1. Low Sperm Count may Result in Other Problems and Not Just Fertility

Men with low sperm count were found to be 1.2 times more likely to have greater body mass index (BMI), higher blood pressure, more "bad" (LDL) cholesterol, lower "good" (HDL) cholesterol, in a new study. Half the men with low testosterone had osteoporosis or low bone mass, a possible precursor to osteoporosis, as found on a bone density scan.

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Latest Publications and Research on Infertility

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I have had surgury 2 years ago due to having adhesions. I was told that i have a lot of tissue damage to my uterus and that one of my fallopian tubes doesn't have the finger-like things to sweep eggs into the utertus. Is there anything I can do to help my problem.


Sir/Mam, I got marriage before eight years and i have been consived five time and every time got miscarrage, my ruballa was positive for past time now every thing is all right do you think i could consive again or not please help me in this regard, my email id


Rubella is not a cause of recurrent miscarriage. Antiphospholipid antibodies and paretal [husband and wife] karyotype need to be checked.


What a dilemma, misfortune for the people of Pakistan due to lack of modern technology in Pakistan. But whatever is the reason I suffered. And right from the roots of my sufferings there arises a thought for poor and deprived folks - to be able to build and establish an infertility modern centre with all latest technologies and modern techniques as far as the treatment of infertility is concerned..bcoz I am childless even after six years of marriage even after having treatment in Pakistan. Though I have consulted with the fertility centers of the first world and their response are quiet reassuring and hopeful but the question I ask myself is that why should not I be treated successfully in Pakistan. So I have decided to build an infertility center in Pakistan and I have few idea to face the problems in the accomplishment of this dream. Can u pls suggest me some ideas on how I can do this or what help can I seek from Medindia in this regard... Sheikh suleman javied, Sialkot,Pakistan.


Dear Sir,We are based in Pakistan and are successfully operating IVF centres in Karachi, Lahore, Hyderabad and DG Khan. If you require any help in regards to IVF centre and or treatments, please do not hesitate to contact us.


My husband and i have been trying to get pregnant for 2 years. I have one child from a previous marriage and he has 2 from his former marriage. Will fibroids prevent me from getting pregnant?


Fibroids are found in 1 in 5 women of reproductive age and are not very likely to prevent you getting pregnant unless these are very close to the uterine cornu blocking them.


i was wordering if it is at all posible for a man that has never had a sparm count to after 15 years suddenly have a count? as me and my partner have been trying for a year now and his pervious gilfriend and him were trying for 14 years to no avail. he has noticed a change in coulor and qontitey is this at all posible? yours senserliy tammy


Very unusual but not unlikely. Possible following life-style changes. Was he a heavy smoker before?

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