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Hypothyroidism Frequently Asked Questions

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. Which specialist should I see if I have hypothyroidism?

You should consult an endocrinologist.

2. Where is the thyroid gland located in the body?

The thyroid gland is located in the lower part of the neck, below the Adam’s apple. The gland wraps around the windpipe (trachea) and has a shape that is similar to a butterfly - its two wings (lobes) and the body (isthmus).

3. What is the role of thyroxine hormone in the body?

The main purpose of thyroid hormone is to maintain the body's metabolism. These hormones also have direct effects on most organs, including the heart which beats faster and harder under the influence of thyroid hormones.
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4. Should thyroxine be given for all cases of hypothyrodism?

No. In secondary hypothyroidism, thyroxine should not be given until evaluated and treated for adrenal insufficiency.

5. Should thyroid supplement be taken during pregnancy?

Yes. Pregnant women with hypothyroidism should continue their treatment even during pregnancy. It is all the more important during pregnancy.

6. What is myxoedema coma?

Myxoedema coma is the most severe form of hypothyroidism. This occurs after a period of decreased thyroid function. It may be caused by an infection, illness, exposure to cold, or certain medications. Symptoms of this rare form includes unresponsiveness, decreased breathing, low blood sugar, low blood pressure and below normal temperature. This condition can lead to death.

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