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Hypermobility Syndrome

Last Updated on Apr 19, 2013
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Other Names: Joint hypermobility syndrome, Extreme-flex, Benign joint hypermobility syndrome, or (Hyperlaxity)

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Hypermobility Syndrome (HMS) is a condition in which the joints of an individual have the ability to move about far more beyond the normal range.

In those with this condition, the ability to perform contortionist activities such as bending thumb backward to touch the wrist or stretching the leg behind the head is commonly observed.

In a lay context, people with joint hypermobility are called “double jointed” due to the extreme laxity of their joints. As a result many of them can excel as good gymnasts.

Hypermobility Syndrome

Hypermobility may be present alone without any other symptoms. However many limitations are observed such as muscle fatigue and a general predisposition to joint dislocation.

In those with HMS, hypermobility of the joints may occur alongside other symptoms, such as myalgia and arthralgia and together they constitute the ‘hypermobility syndrome’.

On an average, this condition is estimated to occur in 10%-15% of all otherwise -healthy children. HMS is seen to occur more in women than in men.

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Hypermobility syndrome runs in families; the presence of certain genes in predisposing an individual to develop hypermobile joints has been suggested. It may be interesting to note that the genes responsible for synthesizing connective tissues, such as collagen, are implicated in the rendering joints hypermobile.

It comes as no surprise therefore that hypermobility is very commonly featured in patients with Ehlers –Danlos syndrome, a condition characterized by weak connective tissues.

Individuals with HMS have tall parents.

Hypermobility syndrome is a benign condition and not life–threatening. However, it could cause complications like osteoarthritis and joint dislocations.

Latest Publications and Research on Hypermobility Syndrome

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Dr. Siddharth Jaiswal
Dr. Siddharth  Jaiswal
MBBS, D ortho
6 years experience
Dr. Santosh Kadam
Dr. Santosh Kadam
MBBS, DORTHO
7 years experience
Ashirwad Hospital, Vidhya Nagar , BEED
Dr. Rakesh Kumar Sharma
Dr. Rakesh Kumar Sharma
MBBS, MS, PGDHA
38 years experience
Dr. Deepak Nalla
Dr. Deepak Nalla
MBBS, MS, Fellowship in Joint Replacement, Fellowship in Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine
9 years experience
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Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

Ahwnae

I have nine month old boy who w sits occasionally but major thing is he pulls himself to a stand position by standing on the outsides of his feet. Is this going to hurt him? Is he going to ever be able to walk? Is this a sign of hypermobility

ashdaw

i need to know the medicine which can increase collagen in ligament for my son who suffer too much from hypermobility syndrom

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