How can we Diagnose Pre-eclampsia?
Diagnosis of pre-eclampsia depends on-
- A thorough study of medical history.
- Physical signs- Swelling of the face, hands and/or feet.
- Record of blood pressure at regular intervals- Blood pressure readings higher than 140/90mmHg. A single high blood pressure reading does not mean that the pregnant woman has pre-eclampsia. But, a second reading taken 6-hours later may help confirm the suspicion of pre-eclampsia.
- Urine tests to assess protein loss in the urine.
- Complete blood count, or CBC, to look for abnormal blood cell counts like platelet count less than 100,000 or low red blood cell count.
- Liver function tests may show higher than normal liver enzymes.
- Pregnancy ultrasound to check the age and condition of the fetus may be required.