How can Rheumatic Fever be Treated?
The treatment of rheumatic fever involves using antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications and anticonvulsant medicines.
- Antibiotics- Preferably penicillin or erythromycin, are used against the bacteria responsible for the infection. Low doses of these antibiotics may be given for treating chronic or resistant cases.
- Anti-inflammatory medications- A pain reliever like aspirin or naproxen may be prescribed to reduce inflammation, fever and pain. Corticosteroids, such as prednisone, may be used to modify the immune response.
- Anticonvulsant medicines- If the patient is experiencing severe involuntary movements; an anticonvulsant, such as valproic acid or carbamazepine may be prescribed.
- Lifestyle changes- Reduction in physical activity of the patient is advised. Bed rest may be recommended for some time to allow the body to heal. Fluid intake should be increased. It is recommended that the patient should drink at least 6 to 8 glasses per day.