About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Gallstones - Treatment

Font : A-A+

How can Gallstones be Treated?

Symptomatic gallstones are best treated surgically with a procedure called cholecystectomy i.e. surgical removal of gallbladder. A diet free of fatty foods is recommended for the first week following surgery.

Advertisement
  • Open cholecystectomy - It is performed by making a large abdominal incision about 6 inches long in the gallbladder. The recovery period is very long, almost taking about six weeks to get back to normal activities.
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy - Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the surgery of choice these days. Unlike the traditional method it requires 3-4 one inch size keyhole incisions in the abdomen, through which the surgeon inserts a miniature video camera as well as surgical instruments. The camera is used to send a magnified image from inside the body which is viewed on a video monitor, to give the surgeon a closer view of the organs. Continuously viewing the procedure on the monitor the surgeon uses the laparoscopic instruments to carefully separate the gallbladder and finally remove it through one of the abdominal incisions. Another reason why it is preferred by most patients is because they can get back to their normal activities in a day or two.
Advertisement

Alternative Treatments options -

Though there are various alternative mehods to treat gallstones, it does not involve the surgical removal of the gallbladder. Hence patients are faced with a significant risk of recurrence.

  • Lithotripsy - Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy using shock waves is sometimes done to treat common bile duct stones. It is a non-invasive and safe procedure.
  • Medication - Medicines like chenodeoxycholic acids or ursodeoxycholic acid are used to dissolve the cholesterol gallstones. It may take months or years before the stones could actually dissolve. This therapy works best for the treatment of small gallstones.
  • Contact Dissolution Therapy - This procedure is still in its experimental stages as it involves a drug called- methyl tertbutyl. It involves injecting the drug directly into the gallbladder to dissolve stones. It is known to dissolve stones within 2-3 days. It is a flammable anesthetic and can be toxic to the body.
  • Endoscopic Sphincterotomy - This is the procedure of choice if gallstones cause jaundice. With the help of a fiber optic endoscope the opening of the common bile duct into the intestine can be reached. Sphincter of oddi guards the openingA sphincterotomy or opening in the sphincter of oddi is made to extract stones.

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Trupti Shirole. (2014, September 25). How can Gallstones be Treated?. Medindia. Retrieved on May 19, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/how-can-gallstones-be-treated.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Trupti Shirole. "How can Gallstones be Treated?". Medindia. May 19, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/how-can-gallstones-be-treated.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Trupti Shirole. "How can Gallstones be Treated?". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/how-can-gallstones-be-treated.htm. (accessed May 19, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Trupti Shirole. 2021. How can Gallstones be Treated?. Medindia, viewed May 19, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/how-can-gallstones-be-treated.htm.


Do you wish to consult a Gastroenterologist for your problem? Ask your question

Dr. Pankaj Kumar
Dr. Pankaj Kumar
MBBS, MD, DM Gastroenterology
10 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Deshmukh Parag
Dr. Deshmukh Parag
MBBS, MD, DNB, IDCCM, CCEBDM
5 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
View All

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

Imayavaramban

Do obesity leads to gallstone formation?

Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Advertisement
    What's New on Medindia
    Prevent Hacking of Medical Devices: FDA Sounds Alarm
    Black Water: Benefits and Uses
    World Hypertension Day 2022 - Measure Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer!
    View all
    Advertisement

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Blood Pressure Calculator Hearing Loss Calculator Nutam (400mg) (Piracetam) Color Blindness Calculator Vent Forte (Theophylline) Pregnancy Confirmation Calculator Selfie Addiction Calculator Iron Intake Calculator How to Reduce School Bag Weight - Simple Tips Loram (2 mg) (Lorazepam)

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use