Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis

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Dr. Nithin Jayan
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Nithin Jayan, MBBS, DNB
Last Updated on Apr 04, 2018
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Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis usually responds to home treatment. Taking proper care of skin at home reduces the need for medications.

Treatment may vary depending on the appearance (stage) of the lesions. Acute weeping lesions, dry scaly lesions, or chronic dry thickened lesions are treated differently.

The fingernails of children with infantile eczema should be cut short to prevent them from scratching and aggravating the rash. Infantile eczema usually becomes milder with age and often disappears after age 3 or 4.

Anything that aggravates the symptoms should be avoided. For some patients certain food items, environmental factors like change in weather, usage of wool and lanolin can increase the problem. Temperature changes and stress may cause sweating and changes in the blood vessels of the skin. These aggravate the condition.

Dry skin often makes the condition worse, so bathing and the use of soaps may be reduced. Have short cooler baths and use gentle body washes and cleansers instead of regular soaps. Do not scrub or dry the skin too hard. Apply lubricating creams, lotions or ointment on the skin soon after bathing while the skin is damp. This will help trap moisture in the skin and prevent dryness.

If avoidance of irritants does not reduce symptoms, topical creams and oral medications may be indicated. Topical treatment may include using soothing lotions, topical steroid cream, or other prescribed cream; using mild soaps, or wet dressings. Taking antihistamines can reduce severe itching.

Other treatment options include using immunosuppressant drugs or phototherapy.

Preventive measures:

There is no known preventive measure. The condition tends to run in families. Control of stress and emotional conditions like nervousness, anxiety, depression, etc. can be useful in preventing some cases.

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Turmeric, coconut oil and avocado oil fixes it along with a diet of anti-inflammatory foods/ omega 3.

Skin problems also affects on the stomach and on the side of the thighs. Have these problems on the left side of the body. What is it? Am puzzled.....

writes4fun

Very good information here! One thing I never understand is why blog posts and articles about atopic dermatitis always list the back of the knees and inside the elbows as common locations, but never mention the front of the knees and outside the elbows which is where members of my family most commonly have atopic dermatitis flare ups. I found another good article on this topic: Atopic Eczema

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