Treatment for Acne
Acne can be treated with:
► Self skincare regime
► Use of over the counter medications
► Prescription medicines
► Surgical intervention
► Clean your skin gently with a mild, nondrying soap. Avoid scrubbing. Remove all dirt or make-up before sleeping at night. Avoid repeated skin washing. Wash the face once or twice a day.
► Use a clean cloth to dry the face every day to prevent bacterial re-infection.
► Use steam or warm moist compresses to open up clogged pores.
► Use topical astringents to remove excess oil.
► Hair should be shampooed daily, especially oily hair. Ensure that the hair stays away from the face.
► Avoid touching the face. Wash your hands before and after caring for skin lesions to reduce the chance of infection.
► Try not to squeeze, scratch, pick or rub the pimples. This can lead to skin infections and scarring.
► Avoid wearing tight headbands, helmets and caps.
► Avoid oil based cosmetics. Use water-based or ‘noncomedogenic’ formulas.
► Identify and avoid anything that aggravates acne. This may include oily foods, lotions and make-up.
Over-the-counter acne medications:
OTC acne medicines dry up the oil or promote skin peeling. They can be applied directly on the affected part of skin. These medicines may contain:
► Benzoyl peroxide
► Salicylic acid.
Prescription medicines for acne:
Antibiotics are helpful to treat acne in some people. They can be taken orally or applied topically.
► Oral antibiotics- tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline, erythromycin, trimethoprim, amoxicillin.
► Topical antibiotics- clindamycin, erythromycin, dapsone.
Retinoic acid cream or gel can be used. Isotretinoin can be used for treating cystic acne and scarring.
Minor surgical procedures for acne:
► Photodynamic therapy (laser procedure)
► Chemical skin peeling
► Dermabrasion for removal of scars
► Removal, drainage, or injection of cysts with cortisone