Written by Padma Sundareson | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Jul 22, 2016

Lifestyle

Most children after treatment can have a normal life; however remember certain precautions like a shot of antibiotics should be used before any surgery or dental procedures to prevent infection of the heart.

With modern treatment available to treat the septal defects, children with congenital septal defects can have a normal and active life. Uncomplicated septal defects does not cause any decrease in lifespan either. Regular check up is required with a pediatric cardiologist. Echocardiogram will be repeated periodically to either monitor small, unclosed septal defects or to check the efficiency of septal defect closure.

Arrhythmias are common in people with septal defects because a part of the heart’s electrical conduction travels through the septum. It is necessary to have regular checks to ensure there are no undiagnosed serious or frequent arrhythmias. Older adults with septal defects are more likely to have these rhythm problems. Sometimes they can be a complication of surgery as well.

Children may not have any restrictions in activity after closing their hole in the septum. There will not be any impedance in growth or development either.

Antibiotics should be used before any surgery or dental procedures to prevent infection of the heart.

Patients, who undergo device septal closure, need to be on blood thinners (e.g. aspirin) to prevent loose blood clots inside the heart chambers.

In the United States, there are about one million adults with congenital heart defects. Because of the advancements in technology and cardiac surgery, these adults are treated and now lead a normal or near normal life. This might not have been possible a few decades ago. All adults with and without successful repairs are advised to follow up regularly with their physicians.

Women who are pregnant or taking pregnancy into consideration should be under care of adult cardiologists who also specialize in congenital heart diseases.

References:

  1. http://medind.nic.in/icb/t05/i7/icbt05i7p595.pdf - (http://medind.nic.in/icb/t05/i7/icbt05i7p595.pdf)
  2. CIRCULATORY CHANGES AT BIRTH - (http://mcb.berkeley.edu/courses/mcb135e/fetal.html)
  3. KidsHealth - (http://www.kidshealth.org/)

Comments

Angel_C Tuesday, September 25, 2012

I have VSD since birth [Tetralogy of Fallot] and I'm now 29 years old, I'm aware that I'm not allowed to do any strenuous activities but is yoga allowable for me? I can't afford to go to a doctor. I'm from a 3rd world country in Asia.

motisagar Tuesday, August 30, 2011

HOLE IN HEART IN MY COSION HEART ,I HAVE NO MORE MONEY FOR SURGERY.MY BABY LIE ON BED AND WAITING FOR DEATH.PLEASE SUGGEST ME FOR SOME WELFARE SOSITY ,WHO HEALP MY CHILD.

Man56 Thursday, September 8, 2011

dear friend, why don't u try get BPL [below poverty line]card, once this card made i belive free medicins and treatment avilable at all govt hospitals.

RameshRaju Tuesday, January 8, 2013

get it done in Sathyasai Institute of Medical sciences in Bangalore.. They will do for free..

Kuotkuany Saturday, July 23, 2011

Well and briefly explained; VSD account for upto 25% of all Cardiac Heart Failure, which simply means that 2 out of 1000 lives birth are affected. Isolated complex malformations do happened and lower left sternal edge with/or without parasternal thrill is encountered mostly during examination. Yeah/and ballabalala....

manuheart123 Saturday, December 18, 2010

Ventricular Septal Defect Ventricular Septal Defect is usually symptomless at birth. It usually manifests a few weeks after birth. Small VSD can be asymptomatic, but larger ones can result in heart failure, pulmonary hypertension or growth restriction with recurrent respiratory infections like pneumonia. Other features may be poor weight gain, breathlessness on breast feeding and increased heart rate. If not intervened, it can develop into Eisenmenger Syndrome, which has a very bad outcome. http://heart-consult.com

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