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Incidence

Written by Padma Sundareson | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Jul 22, 2016
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Incidence

Congenital heart diseases are seen in about 8-10 babies out of 1000 live births.

About 2 to 3 (or one-third) of the 1000 will require some interventional procedures within their first year as their condition will be deemed critical by the pediatric cardiologists.

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Studies show that in the United States, nearly 32000 babies with congenital heart diseases are born every year and about one million people are alive today with these heart defects.

In India, incidence of congenital defects can be enormous owing to its huge population and high birth rate. About ten percent of infant deaths are likely to be due to congenital heart disease.

Most common congenital defect in neonates is “Ventricular Septal Defect”. It is found one in every 100 patients. It rarely occurs in adults, but can happen as a serious complication of a heart attack.

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Approximately 4 out of 100,000 people are known to have Atrial Septal Defect. It constitutes about 6 - 8 % of the congenital heart diseases. For reasons unknown, ASD occurs more in girls than boys. Female to male ratio is about 2:1. ASD can go undetected until the patient is an adult. It constitutes upto 40% of the congenital heart diseases diagnosed in adults.

References:

  1. http://medind.nic.in/icb/t05/i7/icbt05i7p595.pdf - (http://medind.nic.in/icb/t05/i7/icbt05i7p595.pdf)
  2. CIRCULATORY CHANGES AT BIRTH - (http://mcb.berkeley.edu/courses/mcb135e/fetal.html)
  3. KidsHealth - (http://www.kidshealth.org/)

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Dr. Srinivasa Prasad
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Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

Angel_C

I have VSD since birth [Tetralogy of Fallot] and I'm now 29 years old, I'm aware that I'm not allowed to do any strenuous activities but is yoga allowable for me? I can't afford to go to a doctor. I'm from a 3rd world country in Asia.

motisagar

HOLE IN HEART IN MY COSION HEART ,I HAVE NO MORE MONEY FOR SURGERY.MY BABY LIE ON BED AND WAITING FOR DEATH.PLEASE SUGGEST ME FOR SOME WELFARE SOSITY ,WHO HEALP MY CHILD.

Man56

dear friend, why don't u try get BPL [below poverty line]card, once this card made i belive free medicins and treatment avilable at all govt hospitals.

RameshRaju

get it done in Sathyasai Institute of Medical sciences in Bangalore.. They will do for free..

Kuotkuany

Well and briefly explained; VSD account for upto 25% of all Cardiac Heart Failure, which simply means that 2 out of 1000 lives birth are affected. Isolated complex malformations do happened and lower left sternal edge with/or without parasternal thrill is encountered mostly during examination. Yeah/and ballabalala....

manuheart123

Ventricular Septal Defect Ventricular Septal Defect is usually symptomless at birth. It usually manifests a few weeks after birth. Small VSD can be asymptomatic, but larger ones can result in heart failure, pulmonary hypertension or growth restriction with recurrent respiratory infections like pneumonia. Other features may be poor weight gain, breathlessness on breast feeding and increased heart rate. If not intervened, it can develop into Eisenmenger Syndrome, which has a very bad outcome. http://heart-consult.com

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