Written by Padma Sundareson | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Jul 22, 2016


Aortic stenosis: Narrowing of the aortic valve.

Arrhythmia: Irregular Heart beat.

Asymptomatic: Absence of any symptoms.

Atrial Septal Defect: Hole in the wall separating the two upper chambers of the heart.

Cardiac Catheterization: A procedure in which a catheter is introduced into a blood vessel and guided into the heart in order to measure blood flow and evaluate structural defects.

Coarctation of aorta: Congenital narrowing of a segment of the aorta that impedes blood flow to the lower part of the body.

Congenital: Congenital is a term, which denotes Acquired by birth.

Cyanosis: Blue colored skin caused by too little oxygen in the blood.

Down’s Syndrome: A disorder caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21 and characterized by mental retardation and distinguishing physical features.

Echocardiogram: A procedure that uses ultrasonic waves directed over the chest wall to obtain a graphic record of the heart's position, motion of the walls, or internal parts such as the valves.

Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart, usually the heart valves; typically caused by an infection.

Heart failure: Condition caused when the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body; also characterized by fluid collecting in various parts of the body (such as legs, lungs, liver).

Interatrial septum: Wall separating the upper chambers of the heart or the atria.

Interventricular septum: Wall separating the lower chambers of the heart or the ventricles.

Palliative: Treatment undertaken not to cure but to improve a problem or condition.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus: A heart defect in which a fetal structure remains open, causing excess blood flow through the lungs.

Pulmonary Hypertension: Increased blood pressure in the arteries supplying blood to the lungs; caused by increased resistance to blood flow in the lungs, usually a result of a lung disease.

Pulmonary Stenosis: Obstruction of the flow of blood from the heart to the lungs.

Septum: A wall dividing two cavities or compartments.

Stroke: Sudden, severe attack that results in brain damage. Usually sudden paralysis or speech difficulty results from injury to the brain or spinal cord by a blood clot, hemorrhage or occlusion of blood supply to the brain from a narrowed or blocked artery.

Ventricular Septal Defect: Hole in the wall separating the bottom chambers of the heart or ventricles.


Angel_C Tuesday, September 25, 2012

I have VSD since birth [Tetralogy of Fallot] and I'm now 29 years old, I'm aware that I'm not allowed to do any strenuous activities but is yoga allowable for me? I can't afford to go to a doctor. I'm from a 3rd world country in Asia.

motisagar Tuesday, August 30, 2011


Man56 Thursday, September 8, 2011

dear friend, why don't u try get BPL [below poverty line]card, once this card made i belive free medicins and treatment avilable at all govt hospitals.

RameshRaju Tuesday, January 8, 2013

get it done in Sathyasai Institute of Medical sciences in Bangalore.. They will do for free..

Kuotkuany Saturday, July 23, 2011

Well and briefly explained; VSD account for upto 25% of all Cardiac Heart Failure, which simply means that 2 out of 1000 lives birth are affected. Isolated complex malformations do happened and lower left sternal edge with/or without parasternal thrill is encountered mostly during examination. Yeah/and ballabalala....

manuheart123 Saturday, December 18, 2010

Ventricular Septal Defect Ventricular Septal Defect is usually symptomless at birth. It usually manifests a few weeks after birth. Small VSD can be asymptomatic, but larger ones can result in heart failure, pulmonary hypertension or growth restriction with recurrent respiratory infections like pneumonia. Other features may be poor weight gain, breathlessness on breast feeding and increased heart rate. If not intervened, it can develop into Eisenmenger Syndrome, which has a very bad outcome. http://heart-consult.com

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