Glycosuria can be diagnosed by laboratory tests and confirmed by a urologist or nephrologist. The family doctor must rule out diabetes before referring to a specialist.
2. How is glycosuria different from diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease in which insulin production is disturbed, resulting in high blood sugar levels. Glycosuria, as the name suggests, is the presence of glucose in urine. Glycosuria is a symptom for various conditions including diabetes, kidney and liver diseases. Glycosuria does not necessarily mean the presence of diabetes.
Glycosuria is an indication of abnormality in kidneys or the presence of diabetes. Glycosuria does not have any direct effect on the body functions.
4. Is Glycosuria same as Glucosuria?
Glycosuria is a non-specific term for the presence of sugar in urine. The bloodstream usually contains sugars in the form of glucose and the term glucosuria is used. However, terms including glucosuria, lactosuria, galactosuria, fructosuria and pentosuria are used to specify the type of sugars that is excreted in urine.
5. Is the presence of glycosuria during pregnancy dangerous for the mother or fetus?
Glycosuria testing is routinely done during pregnancy. If glycosuria is not caused by diabetes it may not affect the fetus. Renal glycosuria, alimentary glycosuria etc may require attention and careful management.
Glycosuria can be an indication the presence of gestational diabetes which has to be managed accordingly.