Genetic Counseling - GlossaryMutant - An organism harboring a mutation
Trisomy - A condition ,which arises due to the presence of an extra chromosome.An example is Down syndrome, where the individual has an extra chromosome 21
Mitosis - A division by which the cells reproduce, wherein the resultant cells are the replica of the parent cell.
Meiosis - A special kind of cell division,called reduction division, that takes place in the testes and the ovaries, which produces eggs and sperms that are haploid
Consanguinous marriage - A marriage between two closely related individuals
Euploidy - When an organism has the regular chromosome number,example 46 numbers in humans, it is euploid.
Aneuploidy - When an organism has an abnormal number of chromosomes as in Down Syndrome,it is known as aneuploidy.