Safety and Ethical Issues
- The unknown effects related to genetically modified organisms especially because of the development of possible effects on health such as new allergens, new diseases, toxins, nutritional problems and antibiotic resistance.
- Infringement of nature and natural products by disturbing their original genetic transference and by changing the normal genome in plants which have evolved over millions of years in a very precise and ordered way.
- Meddling with the essential properties of plants and animals causing mutations, genetically related diseases and other potential risks.
- Inadequate proof and no control of genetic transference and the results of gene expression, as a single gene subsists as a part of a highly integrated programming and is not responsible by itself for the expression of a particular trait.
- The possible effects on the environment as the development of herbicide-resistant and pesticide-resistant crops can lead to the development of more resilient weeds and pests, which would become even more difficult to counter.
- Unintentional transference of genetic substances by cross-pollination with other non genetically modified foods and their effects on a number of organisms leading to other ecological problems.
- Loss of biodiversity and the change in soil microbial conditions.