Written by Dr. Shalini Aul, MBBS, DND | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff / ms. sheela philomena, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Jun 22, 2018

Safety and Ethical Issues

  • The unknown effects related to genetically modified organisms especially because of the development of possible effects on health such as new allergens, new diseases, toxins, nutritional problems and antibiotic resistance.
  • Infringement of nature and natural products by disturbing their original genetic transference and by changing the normal genome in plants which have evolved over millions of years in a very precise and ordered way.
  • Meddling with the essential properties of plants and animals causing mutations, genetically related diseases and other potential risks.
  • Inadequate proof and no control of genetic transference and the results of gene expression, as a single gene subsists as a part of a highly integrated programming and is not responsible by itself for the expression of a particular trait.
  • The possible effects on the environment as the development of herbicide-resistant and pesticide-resistant crops can lead to the development of more resilient weeds and pests, which would become even more difficult to counter.
  • Unintentional transference of genetic substances by cross-pollination with other non genetically modified foods and their effects on a number of organisms leading to other ecological problems.
  • Loss of biodiversity and the change in soil microbial conditions.

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