Majority of bone fractures occur because of high force impact or stress on a bone. However, a fracture may also be the result of some underlying medical conditions which weaken the bones, for example osteoporosis and some cancers. The risk of fracture increases as we age because, in old age, our bones can withstand less force.
The signs and symptoms of a fracture vary according to the affected bone and the severity of the injury. However, pain, swelling and difficulty of movement are the common symptoms.
Diagnosis of fracture includes a detailed history and physical examination. X-rays are often taken. Occasionally, CT scan or MRI is used to find the extent of damage to the bone and adjacent tissues.
Initial treatment for fractures includes splinting the affected area, elevation and applying icepack. Conservative treatment for fractures involves pain management and immobilization with plastic casts or metal screws. Immobilization is helpful with initial pain control. Surgical intervention is sought if conservative treatment fails or is not possible.
Latest Publications and Research on FractureLetter to the Editor: Osteoporotic vertebral fracture prevalence varies widely (response to M18050319). - Published by PubMed
Fracture risk after gastric bypass surgery-a retrospective cohort study. - Published by PubMed
Measures of physical performance and muscle strength as predictors of fracture risk independent of FRAX, falls and BMD: A meta-analysis of the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study. - Published by PubMed
A Comparison of Clinical and Radiological Outcomes of Minimally Invasive and Conventional Plate Osteosynthesis for Midshaft Clavicle Fractures. - Published by PubMed
A Biomechanical Study of an Alternative Internal Fixation Method for Transverse Patella Fractures. - Published by PubMed