Fleas are wingless insects that are adept at infesting pets and sucking their blood.They mostly infest animals but are also known to infest humans.
Flea bites are familiar to those with pets. They occur when fleas look for food and bite their hosts to suck warm blood, which forms the chief source of their food. Bites are common in areas around the waist, armpits, ankles, elbows and knees.
Fleas are of different types. They are small creatures, the biggest among them are just as big as the tip of a pen. However, they are capable of jumping long distances and covering great heights! Their agile bodies are also capable of with standing considerable pressure and this makes them difficult to eliminate,be it by scratching or mashing!
Rashes may itch, bleed or turn white when pressed and are often seen to be located in the lower leg, folds of a joint or in the armpit. In some people the rashes may be seen in the groin.
Swelling around a fleabite is also common. Painful welts may appear in the case of a hyper sensitive skin.Often, itching is severe enough to cause blisters that may become infected. The swelling and itchiness is the body’s reaction to the flea’s saliva.
Diagnosis & Treatment
The symptoms caused by flea bite aid diagnosis. Sometimes, a biopsy is carried out. Treatment involves two methods – preventive and reactive.
Preventive treatment involves getting rid of fleas from homes and from the bodies of pets.This can be done by treating your home, pets, and outside areas with pesticides. Sometimes, professional help may be required. Children and pets must not be around while pesticide treatment is being done. It is important to maintain cleanliness to prevent the multiplication of pests.
Reactive treatment involves relieving the symptoms of fleabite. When fleabite occurs it is important not to scratch the affected area as it may cause blisters and infection.
The first step is to wash the affected area with soap and water to avoid infection. After drying, calamine lotion or a paste made of baking soda and water may be applied over the bitten area for soothing. Over-the-counterpreparations of 1% hydro cortisone and oral antihistamines may be used to reduce itching. Using an ice compress will relieve swelling.
Latest Publications and Research on Flea BitesImpacts of polystyrene microplastics on Daphnia magna: A laboratory and a mesocosm study. - Published by PubMed
Tick paralysis in a free-ranging bobcat (Lynx rufus). - Published by PubMed
Glucosinolate Abundance and Composition in Brassicaceae Influence Sequestration in a Specialist Flea Beetle. - Published by PubMed
Evolutionary selection of biofilm-mediated extended phenotypes in Yersinia pestis in response to a fluctuating environment. - Published by PubMed
Effects of thermal evolution on the stoichiometric responses to nano-ZnO under warming are not general: insights from experimental evolution. - Published by PubMed