About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Finger Fracture / Broken Finger

Last Updated on Nov 19, 2015
Font : A-A+

What is Fracture of Finger / Broken Finger?

Finger fracture or broken finger is a common but serious injury that is capable of affecting normal life. Although finger bones are small, a finger fracture cannot be categorized as a minor injury. The bones of the hand are perfectly aligned to perform specific tasks such as grasping, or manipulating objects. A finger bone fracture disrupts this alignment and interferes with the normal function of the hand.

Advertisement

The hand comprises of 27 bones. They include eight wrist bones (carpals), five bones in the palm (metacarpals), and 14 finger bones (phalanges). Fractures involving the metacarpal bone leading to the little finger are the most common of all hand fractures.

Finger Fracture

Medical treatment is necessary to restore function of the hand. If treatment is denied you will experience chronic pain and stiffness.

Types of Finger Fracture

The following are different types of finger fractures:

  • Avulsion fracture - Here a ligament or tendon that is attached to the finger bone pulls away
  • Impaction fracture - Here the broken ends of finger bone are in alignment
  • Shear fracture - During shear fracture the finger bone splits into two because of force and moves in separate directions
  • Open fracture - Here the finger bone breaks through the skin and gets exposed.
  • Closed fracture - The skin remains intact, the bone is not visible from outside.
  • Non-displaced or stable fracture - The finger bone breaks but is in alignment and does not move away
  • Displaced fracture - The finger bone breaks into separate pieces that are no longer in alignment
  • Comminuted fracture - Unstable fracture where the bone breaks into three or more pieces
Advertisement

Causes of Finger Fracture

A fracture of the finger bone occurs when you:

  • Fall on your hand /fingers while trying to break a fall
  • Playing sports / sports injuries
  • Jamming your finger between the hinge of a door
  • Use tools such as power saws or drills

If you are suffering from conditions such as osteoporosis, chances of having your fingers fractured are increased.

Symptoms of Finger Fracture

  • Swelling and pain at the site of injury
  • Inability to move or use the finger
  • Tenderness / bruising
  • Deformity of affected finger
Symptoms of Finger Fracture

Diagnosis of Finger Fracture

If you’ve injured your finger and suspect a fracture then you must seek medical attention. Your doctor will physically examine the injured finger and check for fracture. He will observe the way in which your fingers are aligned when you extend your fingers or form a fist. He may recommend an X-ray of both hands to compare and evaluate the extent of fracture.

Diagnosis of Finger Fracture

Treatment for Finger Fracture

Nonsurgical Treatment

If your fracture is not severe and can be easily mended then your doctor will put your finger into a cast or use finger braces or finger splints for support and protection till your bones heal. It is not uncommon to use splints on the uninjured fingers, adjacent to the injured fingers, for additional support. Usually, casts and splints are worn for three weeks. Your doctor will monitor your finger periodically to evaluate your progress. Sometimes you may need to wear the splint for a longer period of time.

Advertisement

Surgical Treatment

You may require a surgery to put your bones back in case of the following:

  • Multiple or open fractures
  • Joint injury
  • Loose bone fragments
  • Injury to tendons or ligaments
  • Unstable /recurrent fractures

In the above cases surgery helps to regain alignment and functions of the hand. During surgery, plates, screws and pins are used to align the fractured bones and to hold them together.

Surgery for Finger Fracture

Once your hand is removed from the splint or cast you will be advised to do physiotherapy. Simple rehabilitative exercises will be advised initially to help control stiffness and swelling. After a period of time more complex exercises that help to regain strength and function of your finger and hand will be recommended.

Reference:

  1. Finger Fractures - (http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00257)

Latest Publications and Research on Finger Fracture

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. (2015, November 19). Fracture of Finger | Broken Finger - Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment. Medindia. Retrieved on May 18, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/finger-fracture.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. "Fracture of Finger | Broken Finger - Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment". Medindia. May 18, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/finger-fracture.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. "Fracture of Finger | Broken Finger - Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/finger-fracture.htm. (accessed May 18, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. 2021. Fracture of Finger | Broken Finger - Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment. Medindia, viewed May 18, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/finger-fracture.htm.


Do you wish to consult an Orthopedic Doctor for your problem? Ask your question

Dr. Deepak Nalla
Dr. Deepak Nalla
MBBS, MS, Fellowship in Joint Replacement, Fellowship in Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine
9 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Nitinkumar Singh
Dr. Nitinkumar Singh
MBBS, D.Ortho
8 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Santosh Kadam
Dr. Santosh Kadam
MBBS, DORTHO
7 years experience
Ashirwad Hospital, Vidhya Nagar
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Pankaj Kumar
Dr. Pankaj Kumar
MBBS, MS
18 years experience
Progressive Spine and orthopaedic , Near IGIMS
Teleconsult Now View Profile
View All

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Advertisement
    What's New on Medindia
    Black Water: Benefits and Uses
    World Hypertension Day 2022 - Measure Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer!
    Drinking This Popular Beverage May Drop Dementia Risk
    View all
    Advertisement

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Blood - Sugar Chart Find a Doctor Sinopril (2mg) (Lacidipine) Post-Nasal Drip Turmeric Powder - Health Benefits, Uses & Side Effects Calculate Ideal Weight for Infants Nutam (400mg) (Piracetam) Pregnancy Confirmation Calculator Noscaphene (Noscapine) Sanatogen

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use