Fifteen Most Common Chemotherapy Side Effects and Ways to Manage Them - Glossary

Dr. Simi Paknikar
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Simi Paknikar, MD
Last Updated on Jul 30, 2016
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Glossary

Chemotherapy: Treatment of cancer with drugs or chemical agents.

Bone marrow: The inner, spongy tissue of large bones where red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets are made.

Topical: Pertaining to the surface of the body, usually the skin.

Acupuncture: The technique of inserting thin needles through the skin at specific points on the body to control pain and other symptoms.

Cytotoxic: Substances or drugs that is harmful to cells.

Neutropenia: An abnormal decrease in the number of neutrophils, a type of white blood cell.

Anti-emetics: Substance or medicine that stops or prevents nausea and vomiting.

Platelets: A type of blood cell that helps prevent bleeding by causing blood clots to form. They are also called thrombocytes.

Cardiomyopathy: A disease of the heart muscle that impairs the ability of the heart to pump.

Hematoma: A localized swelling filled with blood. The blood is usually clotted or partially clotted and exists within an organ or a soft tissue space such as muscle.

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