Written by Dr. Rashida Shabbir Tankiwala , Diplomate of National Board (DNB) | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Nithin Jayan, MBBS, DNB on Sep 28, 2019

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Eyelids are structures that act as shutters covering the eyes. They serve an important function of protecting the eye balls. They play a very important role of lubricating the eye and help in tear drainage. Eye lids have oil secreting glands in them which secrete oil to contribute to the tear film. They are two in number. The upper lid in larger in size compared to the lower lid. They have a row of eye lashes growing from its outer margin. The oil secreting glands located in the lids have its opening on the inner margin of the eye lids as shown in the picture.

Eye Lids

There are various problems of the eye lids ranging from swelling to mal-position, twitching to drooping of the lids. They cause various symptoms like itching, eye irritation, etc.


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Common eye lid problems are as follows:

  • Chalazion
  • Stye
  • Blepharitis
  • Cellulitis
  • Ectropion
  • Entropion
  • Drooping
  • Lid tumors
  • Allergic lid edema

References:

  1. Jonathan J. Dutton, Gregg S. Gayre, Alan D. Proia: Diagnostic Atlas of common eyelid diseases
  2. David A. Lee, Eve J. Higginbotham: Clinical guide to comprehensive ophthalmology
  3. The Merks Manuals: Online Medical Library
  4. Eye Lid Problems - (http://www.richmondeye.com/eyehealth_eyelid.asp)

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