Last Updated on Sep 25, 2020

Treatment for Epilepsy

The highlight of epilepsy treatment includes addressing the underlying cause and avoiding the triggering factors

If epilepsy is caused by an infection, is treated. Surgical removal of a tumor may help to control epilepsy in some individuals.

Anti-epileptic medicines, carbamazepine, phenytoin, valproic acid are provided depending on the kind of convulsion. Hence the dosage needs to be adjusted periodically. In underdeveloped countries, the WHO recommends the use of Phenobarbital for partial and tonic clonic seizure. Side effects of the drug is another factor that is always considered when a drug is administered.

The response to a drug varies with each individual. Some seizures respond well to certain drugs and respond poorly to others. An epilepsy that does not respond to drugs is called refractory epilepsy. This condition may be treated, in some, by surgically removing the abnormal cells in the brain that are responsible for the seizures.

In some patients, implanting vagal nerve stimulators in the chest may help to control the frequency of seizures.

Children with epilepsy are sometimes placed on a special diet, such as a ketogenic diet, to help control or prevent the seizures.

Wearing medical alert jewellery cautions the patients and helps to obtain immediate treatment.

In the developing countries, there are 35 million people who are suffering from epilepsy, of whom 85%receive no treatment at all. As a result of this they experience seizures-related morbidity and are victims of stigma and discrimination. Untreated epilepsy induces a lot of human suffering and creates a heavy burden economically. The governments of these countries must ensure that effective treatment is meted out for all.

If you suffer from Epilepsy

  • Don't forget to take your medicines regularly.
  • Have periodical medical checkups.
  • Keep an identity card with you while traveling.
  • Before taking any new treatment, tell your doctor about your epilepsy.

What to do after an attack of Epilepsy?

  • If a seizure occurs, give suitable emergency first- aid immediately.
  • Protect the person from injury. Do not attempt to force a hard object like a spoon or a rod between the teeth, as you may cause more damage than what you are trying to prevent.
  • Clear the area of furniture or other objects that may cause injury from falls during the seizure.
  • Do not attempt to restrain or hold the person down during the seizure.
  • Protect from inhalation of vomit or mucus by turning the person onto the side and if possible keep the head down.
  • Turn the person on to his side while he or she sleeps after the seizure is over.
  • If the person having seizures stops breathing, turn him to the side in order to keep the airway of mouth open and prevent the tongue from obstructing the airway.
  • If there is any injury resulting from a fall following fits, appropriate treatment should be accorded.

Do's and Doníts for the Onlooker

  • Don't try to stop the fit.
  • Don't move the patient.
  • Don't force anything into the mouth during a seizure.
  • Do allow enough air circulation.
  • Turn the patient to his/her side to prevent swallowing the vomit.
  • Note the movements and changes to report to the doctor.
  • Call the doctor if the convulsion lasts longer.

Self-care tips

  • Change the attitude that you are an epileptic and can't lead a normal life. You are a normal person who can drive and work.
  • Take your medicines regularly.
  • Avoid stress and sleep well.


  1. Famous people who suffered from epilepsy - (


weller12 Sunday, August 28, 2016

My son Michael Mirai was born with a rare type of epilepsy called Dravet syndrome, also known as Severe Myoclonic Epilepsy of Infancy [SMEI]. This is a rare and catastrophic form of intractable epilepsy that begins in infancy. Individuals with SMEI suffer from intellectual disabilities as well as severe behavioral and development delays. All effort made to be sure he did not live his life miserably with deadly disease proof abortive. I have carried him to different Doctors, use different prescription drug all to no avail.
Dr. Lawson!!! (with tears of joy) I will forever be indebted to you. Your medicine worked perfectly well and now my son is cured of Epilepsy completely. Continue your good job......

shabar Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Planning to marry a girl, I have not even engaged with her as of now but i got to know she have fits. Her age is 23, she got fits at age of 14 and 18 for few min only and using medicines continuously. In last six years no problem with fits and still continously using medicine. SO please guide me, we can overcome this problem? after marriage If I will marry then in future, kids also affectng the same? Please suggest. Thanx, shabs

maruthi123 Monday, April 28, 2014

my 3.5 yrs son suffering fits for last one month. he gets unconcious for 5 -10 minutes, so we consult neurologist and done many tests like EEG, CT and MRI and all are normal hE is still and Dr. suggested us to use valprine 200mg syrup 5 ml daily we are using since last 10 days and again yesterday he got the same long will the treatment go and will he will be able to lead a healthy life in future.please suggest me.

poonamsach Tuesday, October 29, 2013

My father in law, he is 78 years he is epilepsy patient but from past 40 years he is normal, that to without tablets but in jan 31 he started vomiting we admitied him in hospital; they did MRI brain. There r 3 small clots but not treatable after 10 days he felt in a bathroom he told it was because of fit, again we consult dr. EEG done. They started medicine for fits 16 tab per day he is becoming dull day by day he was not able to walk or stand we were worried, as he is a dr he was not satisfied with his dr we change the dr. she stopped all tab and started levetiracetam ,then he was fine only incoherent talk was there doctor said that he is fiting inside the brain after two month he became violent he use to beat, shout , again we admit him he went in coma. after 20 days dr. told take him home and give him care and hop for best but after 1 and 1/2 month he came out from coma and start talking, eating no one believe not even dr. that he recover very well but again after 1 and 1/2 month he started becoming dull and on 7/9/2013 he had fit he bite his toung then again he was hospitalized he is in MICU in coma for12 days in room for8 days now after one month recovering ....what shill I do more for him, please help

rk2013 Wednesday, October 16, 2013

My daughter aged 13 years just suffered from fits for the first time. She attained age and the illness occurred on the 7th day morning of her second month's menstruation. She was partially unconscious for about 20 minutes followed with heavy vomiting several times. Doctor advised for several tests including ct scan. is it occurred due to some hormone changes in body, loss of blood ect? is it curable?

View More Comments

Most Popular on Medindia