Epilepsy is characterized by recurrent, involuntary seizures and is described as a chronic neurological disorder.
The term epilepsy (pronounced as eh-puh-lep-see) originates from a Greek word 'epilepsia' meaning 'falling sickness' It is an illness that affects the brain, causing repeated seizures or 'fits' in the patient which make them to fall.
The original description of the condition by Galen in 130-200 reads as follows -
Certainly epilepsy is a convulsion of all parts of the body, not continuous as…tetanus, but occurring at intervals. Epilepsy is not only different in this manner from spasm but also because the intellect and sensory perception are damaged. From this it becomes evident that the origin of this ailment resides somewhere high up in the brain.
It is estimated that epilepsy affects almost 2.5 million Americans. Witnessing an epileptic seizure for the first time can be quite a frightening experience. However do not panic; if you wish to help the victim there are two things that you can do that could save their life:
- First ensure that the person does not fall on objects that are likely to hurt them.
- The next thing to do is to make sure that their airways are not blocked due to the secretions or a vomitus and for this it is best to turn them sideways with a slight head down position.
Seizures or fits in young children are called Febrile Convulsions. Usually this occurs after the child runs a high temperature. This does not cause brain damage or lead to epileptic attack when they grow up. This usually stops when the child completes 6 years. It is important not to panic when a child experiences Febrile Convulsions. Immediate medical help must be sought.
An EEG (Electro-encephalogram) – an electrical tracing of the brain can be done to confirm epilepsy.
Long term treatment with medication is required to control epileptic fits. Usually these fits can be controlled with medication but may not be cured. Implants or surgery may be tried in for refractory cases where tablets do not work.
What is New in Epilepsy?
New analysis can identify genes that cause infantile spasms, which could help develop new targets for treatment, reveals a new study. In a new approach to precision medicine research, scientists used bioinformatic tools to identify common features of genes associated with infantile spasms compared to other forms of early life epilepsy.
In England and Wales, people with epilepsy were found to be at an increased risk of dying, especially from suicide and accidents, reveals a new study. People with epilepsy are three times more likely to die from an unnatural cause than those without epilepsy.
- Famous people who suffered from epilepsy - (http://www.epilepsiemuseum.de/alt/body_prominenteen.html)
Latest Publications and Research on Epilepsy
- Ictal and interictal source imaging on intracranial EEG predicts epilepsy surgery outcome in children with focal cortical dysplasia. - Published by PubMed
- Demographic, clinical, and virological characteristics of patients with a laboratory-confirmed diagnosis of influenza during three consecutive seasons, 2015/2016-2017/18, in the Islamic Republic of Iran. - Published by PubMed
- Altered plasma prostaglandin E2 levels in epilepsy and in response to antiepileptic drug monotherapy. - Published by PubMed
- Utility and lower limits of frequency detection in surface electrode stimulation for somatosensory brain-computer interface in humans. - Published by PubMed
- Functional and resting-state characterizations of a periventricular heterotopic nodule associated with epileptogenic activity. - Published by PubMed